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Psychosocial factors and work related sickness absence among permanent and non-permanent employees

Gimeno, D; Benavides, FG; Amick, BC; Benach, J; Martinez, JM; (2004) Psychosocial factors and work related sickness absence among permanent and non-permanent employees. J EPIDEMIOL COMMUN H , 58 (10) 870 - 876. 10.1136/jech.2003.016634. Green open access

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Abstract

Study objective: To examine the association between psychosocial work factors and work related sickness absence among permanent and non-permanent employees by sex.Design: A cross sectional survey conducted in 2000 of a representative sample of the European Union total active population, aged 15 years and older. The independent variables were psychological job demands and job control as measures of psychosocial work environment, and work related sickness absence as the main outcome. Poisson regression models were used to compute sickness absence days' rate ratios.Setting: 15 countries of the European Union.Participants: A sample of permanent (n=12875) and non-permanent (n=1203) workers from the Third European Survey on Working Conditions.Results: High psychological job demands, low job control, and high strain and passive work were associated with higher work related sickness absence. The risks were more pronounced in non-permanent compared with permanent employees and men compared with women.Conclusions: This work extends previous research on employment contracts and sickness absence, suggesting different effects depending on psychosocial working conditions and sex.

Type: Article
Title: Psychosocial factors and work related sickness absence among permanent and non-permanent employees
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1136/jech.2003.016634
Keywords: WHITEHALL-II, JOB DEMANDS, HEALTH, EMPLOYMENT, BEHAVIOR, STRAIN, SATISFACTION, ENVIRONMENT, NURSES, COHORT
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Pop Health Sciences > Institute of Epidemiology and Health
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Pop Health Sciences > Institute of Epidemiology and Health > Epidemiology and Public Health
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/2240
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