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P2Y₂ Nucleotide Receptors Expressed Heterologously in Sympathetic Neurons Inhibit Both N-Type Ca²⁺ and M-Type K⁺ Currents

Filippov, AK; Webb, TE; Barnard, EA; Brown, DA; (1998) P2Y₂ Nucleotide Receptors Expressed Heterologously in Sympathetic Neurons Inhibit Both N-Type Ca²⁺ and M-Type K⁺ Currents. Journal of Neuroscience , 18 (14) 5170 - 5179. 10.1523/JNEUROSCI.18-14-05170.1998. Green open access

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Abstract

The P2Y₂ receptor is a uridine/adenosine triphosphate (UTP/ATP)-sensitive G-protein-linked nucleotide receptor that previously has been reported to stimulate the phosphoinositide signaling pathway. Messenger RNA for this receptor has been detected in brain tissue. We have investigated the coupling of the molecularly defined rat P2Y₂ receptor to neuronal N-type Ca²⁺ channels and to M-type K⁺ channels by heterologous expression in rat superior cervical sympathetic (SCG) neurons. After the injection of P2Y₂cRNA, UTP inhibited the currents carried by both types of ion channel. As previously reported [Filippov AK, Webb TE, Barnard EA, Brown DA (1997) Inhibition by heterologously expressed P2Y₂nucleotide receptors of N-type calcium currents in rat sympathetic neurones. Br J Pharmacol 121:849–851], UTP inhibited the Ca²⁺ current (I_{Ca(N)} by up to 64%, with an IC₅₀ of ∼0.5 μm. We now find that UTP also inhibited the K⁺_{M} current (I_{K(M)} by up to 61%, with an IC₅₀ of ∼1.5 μm. UTP had no effect on either current in neurons not injected with P2Y₂ cRNA. Structure–activity relations for the inhibition of I_{Ca(N)} and I_{K(M)} in P2Y₂ cRNA-injected neurons were similar, with UTP ≥ ATP > ITP ≫ GTP,UDP. However, coupling to these two channels involved different G-proteins: pretreatment withPertussis toxin (PTX) did not affect UTP-induced inhibition of I_{K(M)} but reduced inhibition of I_{Ca(N)} by ∼60% and abolished the voltage-dependent component of this inhibition. In unclamped neurons, UTP greatly facilitated depolarization-induced action potential discharges. Thus, the single P2Y₂ receptor can couple to at least two G-proteins to inhibit both Ca²⁺_{N} and K⁺_{M} channels with near-equal facility. This implies that the P2Y₂ receptor may induce a broad range of effector responses in the nervous system.

Type: Article
Title: P2Y₂ Nucleotide Receptors Expressed Heterologously in Sympathetic Neurons Inhibit Both N-Type Ca²⁺ and M-Type K⁺ Currents
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1523/JNEUROSCI.18-14-05170.1998
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1523/JNEUROSCI.18-14-05170.1998
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the version of record. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
Keywords: nucleotide receptors, uridine triphosphate, adenosine, triphosphate, sympathetic neurons, calcium, currents, potassium currents, M currents
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Life Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Life Sciences > Div of Biosciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Life Sciences > Div of Biosciences > Neuro, Physiology and Pharmacology
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/22037
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