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Understanding suicidal ideation in psychosis: findings from the Psychological Prevention of Relapse in Psychosis (PRP) trial

Fialko, L; Freeman, D; Bebbington, PE; Kuipers, E; Garety, PA; Dunn, G; Fowler, D; (2006) Understanding suicidal ideation in psychosis: findings from the Psychological Prevention of Relapse in Psychosis (PRP) trial. ACTA PSYCHIAT SCAND , 114 (3) 177 - 186. 10.1111/j.1600-0447.2006.00849.x. Green open access

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Abstract

Objective: To examine the clinically important phenomenon of suicidal ideation in psychosis in relation to affective processes and the multidimensional nature of hallucinations and delusions.Method: In a cross-sectional study of 290 individuals with psychosis, the associations between level of suicidal ideation, affective processes, positive symptoms, clinical and demographic variables were examined.Results: Forty-one per cent of participants expressed current suicidal ideation. Suicidal ideation was associated with depressed mood, anxiety, low self-esteem, negative illness perceptions, negative evaluative beliefs about the self and others and daily alcohol consumption. Frequency of auditory hallucinations and preoccupation with delusions were not associated with suicidal ideation; however, positive symptom distress did relate to suicidal thoughts.Conclusion: Affective dysfunction, including distress in response to hallucinations and delusions, was a key factor associated with suicidal ideation in individuals with psychotic relapse. Suicidal ideation in psychosis appears to be an understandable, mood-driven process, rather than being of irrational or 'psychotic' origin.

Type: Article
Title: Understanding suicidal ideation in psychosis: findings from the Psychological Prevention of Relapse in Psychosis (PRP) trial
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1111/j.1600-0447.2006.00849.x
Keywords: schizophrenia, suicidal ideation, affect, positive symptoms, psychosis, RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL, RISK-FACTORS, FOLLOW-UP, PSYCHOMETRIC PROPERTIES, 1ST-EPISODE PSYCHOSIS, CHRONIC-SCHIZOPHRENIA, BEHAVIOR, DEPRESSION, DISORDERS, HOPELESSNESS
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > UCL Queen Square Institute of Neurology
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > UCL Queen Square Institute of Neurology > IoN RLW Inst of Neurological Sci
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/2181
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