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Acquisition of eyeblink conditioning is critically dependent upon normal function in cerebellar cortical lobule HVI

Attwell, PJE; Rahman, S; Yeo, CH; (2001) Acquisition of eyeblink conditioning is critically dependent upon normal function in cerebellar cortical lobule HVI. Journal of Neuroscience , 21 (15) 5715 - 5722. Green open access

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Abstract

Classical conditioning of the nictitating membrane response (NMR)/eyeblink response of rabbits is a simple form of cerebellar-dependent, associative motor learning. Reversible inactivations of the cerebellar nuclei and inferior olive have implicated the olivo-cortico-nuclear loop in the acquisition of nictitating membrane conditioning, but the role of the cerebellar cortex in acquisition has not been tested directly. Here we have used local infusions of the water-soluble, disodium salt of 6-cyano-7-nitroquinoxaline-2,3-dione reversibly to block cerebellar cortical AMPA/kainate receptors in lobule HVI during acquisition training. After the drug effects dissipated, there was no evidence that acquisition had taken place; the subjects behaved as if naive. Further training without inactivation then allowed normal acquisition, and further inactivations during performance of conditioned responses abolished these established responses. There was a strong correlation between the inactivation effects on acquisition and subsequent inactivation effects on performance, indicating that the same eyeblink-control cortical microzones are engaged in learning and expressing this behavior. The cortical component of the olivo-cortico-nuclear loop is essential for acquisition of classically conditioned nictitating membrane response learning, and eyeblink control areas in HVI are critical. Our findings are consistent with models of cerebellar learning that assign essential plasticity to the cortex or to a distribution between levels in olivo-cortico-nuclear modules.

Type: Article
Title: Acquisition of eyeblink conditioning is critically dependent upon normal function in cerebellar cortical lobule HVI
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
Language: English
Additional information: This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License. The license allows you to copy, distribute, and transmit the work, as well as adapting it. However, you must attribute the work to the author (but not in any way that suggests that they endorse you or your use of the work), and cannot use the work for commercial purposes without prior permission of the author. If you alter or build upon this work, you can distribute the resulting work only under the same or similar license to this one. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/ or send a letter to Creative Commons, 444 Castro Street, Suite 900, Mountain View, California, 94041, USA.
Keywords: function
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Life Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Life Sciences > Div of Biosciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Life Sciences > Div of Biosciences > Neuro, Physiology and Pharmacology
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/186772
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