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Paleogene benthic foraminifer biostratigraphy and paleoecology at Site 647, Southern Labrador Sea

Kaminski, M.A.; Gradstein, F.M.; Berggren, W.A.; (1989) Paleogene benthic foraminifer biostratigraphy and paleoecology at Site 647, Southern Labrador Sea. Proceedings of the Ocean Drilling Program: Scientific Results , 105 pp. 705-730. 10.2973/odp.proc.sr.105.124.1989. Green open access

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Abstract

Benthic foraminifers were examined from the Paleogene of Ocean Drilling Program (ODP) Site 647 and Deep Sea Drilling Program (DSDP) Site 112 in the southern Labrador Sea. The Paleogene sequence of the deep Labrador Sea can be subdivided into seven assemblages, based on the ranges and relative abundance of characteristic taxa. The first occurrences (FOs) and last occurrences (LOs) of important benthic taxa are calibrated to a standard biochronology, by interpolating from our age model for Site 647. The biostratigraphy of Site 647 is used to improve the age estimates of Site 112 cores. Fifteen microfossil events in Site 647 also are found in the sedimentary wedge along the Labrador Margin. A comparison of the probabilistic microfossil sequence from the Labrador Margin with that at Site 647 yields four isochronous benthic foraminifer LOs. Two new species are described from Sites 647 and 112: Hyperammina kennulleri, Kaminski n.sp., and Ammodiscus nagyi Kaminski n.sp. Significant faunal turnovers are observed at the Ypresian/Lutetian and Eocene/Oligocene boundaries. The Ypresian/Lutetian boundary is characterized by a Glomospira-facies and is attributed to a rise in the CCD (carbonate compensation depth) associated with the NP14 lowstand in sea level. The Eocene/Oligocene boundary is delimited by the LO of Spiroplectammina spectabilis and Reticulophragmium amplectens. The change from an Eocene agglutinated assemblage to a predominantly calcareous assemblage in the early Oligocene took place gradually, over a period of about 4 Ma, but the rate of change accelerated near the boundary. This faunal turnover is attributed to changes in the preservation of agglutinated foraminifers, as delicate species disappeared first. Increasingly poorer preservation of agglutinated foraminifers in the late Eocene to earliest Oligocene reflects the first appearance of coal, nutrient-poor deep water in the southern Labrador Sea. The approximately coeval disappearance of agglutinated assemblages along the Labrador Margin was caused by a regional trend from slope to shelf environments, accentuated by the "mid"-Oligocene lowstand in sea level.

Type: Article
Title: Paleogene benthic foraminifer biostratigraphy and paleoecology at Site 647, Southern Labrador Sea
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.2973/odp.proc.sr.105.124.1989
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.2973/odp.proc.sr.105.1989
Language: English
Additional information: Issue entitled: Baffin Bay and Labrador Sea, covering Leg 105 of the cruises of the Drilling Vessel JOIDES Resolution, St. John's, Newfoundland, to St. John's, Newfoundland, Sites 645-647, 23 August 1985-27 October 1985
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Maths and Physical Sciences > Dept of Earth Sciences
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/18295
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