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Models of probabilistic category learning in Parkinson's disease: Strategy use and the effects of L-dopa

Speekenbrink, M; Lagnado, DA; Wilkinson, L; Jahanshahi, M; Shanks, DR; (2010) Models of probabilistic category learning in Parkinson's disease: Strategy use and the effects of L-dopa. J MATH PSYCHOL , 54 (1) 123 - 136. 10.1016/j.jmp.2009.07.004. Green open access

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Abstract

Probabilistic category learning (PCL) has become an increasingly popular paradigm to study the brain bases of learning and memory. It has been argued that PCL relies on procedural habit learning, which is impaired in Parkinson's disease (PD). However, as PD patients were typically tested under medication, it is possible that levodopa (L-dopa) caused impaired performance in PCL. We present formal models of rule-based strategy switching in PCL, to re-analyse the data from [Jahanshahi, M., Wilkinson, L, Gahir, H., Dharminda, A., & Lagnado, D.A., (2009). Medication impairs probabilistic classification learning in Parkinson's disease. Manuscript submitted for publication] comparing PD patients on and off medication (within subjects) to matched controls. Our analysis shows that PD patients followed a similar strategy switch process as controls when off medication, but not when on medication. On medication, PD patients mainly followed a random guessing strategy, with only few switching to the better Single Cue strategies. PD patients on medication and controls made more use of the optimal Multi-Cue strategy. In addition, while controls and PD patients off medication only switched to strategies which did not decrease performance, strategy switches of PD patients on medication were not always directed as such. Finally, results indicated that PD patients on medication responded according to a probability matching strategy indicative of associative learning, while the behaviour of PD patients off medication and controls was consistent with a rule-based hypothesis testing procedure. (C) 2009 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

Type: Article
Title: Models of probabilistic category learning in Parkinson's disease: Strategy use and the effects of L-dopa
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1016/j.jmp.2009.07.004
Keywords: Parkinson's disease, Probabilistic category learning, Strategy analysis, Levodopa, WEATHER PREDICTION TASK, COGNITIVE FUNCTION, BASAL GANGLIA, DOPAMINERGIC MEDICATION, MEMORY-SYSTEMS, TEMPORAL-LOBE, IMPLICIT, DEFICITS, CATEGORIZATION, PERFORMANCE
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Div of Psychology and Lang Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Div of Psychology and Lang Sciences > Experimental Psychology
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > UCL Queen Square Institute of Neurology
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > UCL Queen Square Institute of Neurology > Department of Neuromuscular Diseases
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/18249
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