UCL Discovery
UCL home » Library Services » Electronic resources » UCL Discovery

Frequency of post-stroke electroencephalographic epileptiform activity – a systematic review and meta-analysis of observational studies

Bentes, C; Rodrigues, FB; Sousa, D; Duarte, GS; Franco, AC; Marques, R; Nzwalo, H; ... Costa, J; + view all (2017) Frequency of post-stroke electroencephalographic epileptiform activity – a systematic review and meta-analysis of observational studies. European Stroke Journal 10.1177/2396987317731004. Green open access

[thumbnail of Brogueira Rodrigues_Post-stroke epileptiform activity.pdf]
Preview
Text
Brogueira Rodrigues_Post-stroke epileptiform activity.pdf - Accepted Version

Download (458kB) | Preview

Abstract

INTRODUCTION: Cerebrovascular diseases are the most frequent risk factor for epilepsy in the elderly, and epileptic phenomenon following stroke is known to worsen the prognosis. Although electroencephalography is the gold standard epilepsy biomarker, it is rarely used in post-stroke studies, and the frequency of post-stroke epileptiform activity is still uncertain. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We analysed studies indexed to MEDLINE, Embase, Web of Science, PsycINFO and OpenGrey (up to March 2015), reporting post-stroke electroencephalographic epileptiform activity frequency in adults. Epileptiform activity was classified as ictal (electrographic seizures) and interictal (non-periodic spikes and sharp waves). Data selection, extraction and appraisal were done in duplicate. Random-effects meta-analysis was used to pool frequencies. RESULTS: The pooled frequency of post-stroke ictal and interictal epileptiform activity was 7% (95% CI 3%–12%) and 8% (95% CI 4%–13%), respectively. The use of continuous electroencephalogram was not associated with an increased frequency of electrographic seizures (p = 0.05), nor did the management setting (Intensive Care Unit versus non- Intensive Care Unit, p = 0.31). However, studies with continuous electroencephalogram showed a higher frequency of interictal epileptiform activity (p = 0.01). DISCUSSION: This study provides the best available estimates of the frequency of post-stroke electroencephalographic epileptiform activity. Due to detection bias, it was not possible to correlate clinical and electrographic seizures. CONCLUSION: The frequency of ictal and interictal epileptiform activity in the electroencephalogram was comparable with previous frequency analyses of clinical seizures. The frequency of ictal epileptiform activity did not change with continuous record or clinical setting, while the frequency of interictal epileptiform activity increased with continuous record.

Type: Article
Title: Frequency of post-stroke electroencephalographic epileptiform activity – a systematic review and meta-analysis of observational studies
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1177/2396987317731004
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/2396987317731004
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the author accepted manuscript. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
Keywords: Epileptic seizures, stroke, electroencephalogram, systematic review, meta-analysis
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > UCL Queen Square Institute of Neurology
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > UCL Queen Square Institute of Neurology > Neurodegenerative Diseases
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1576330
Downloads since deposit
63Downloads
Download activity - last month
Download activity - last 12 months
Downloads by country - last 12 months

Archive Staff Only

View Item View Item