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The NISPI framework: Analysing collaborative problem-solving from students' physical interactions

Cukurova, M; Luckin, R; Millán, E; Mavrikis, M; (2018) The NISPI framework: Analysing collaborative problem-solving from students' physical interactions. Computers and Education , 116 pp. 93-109. 10.1016/j.compedu.2017.08.007. Green open access

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Abstract

Collaborative problem-solving (CPS) is a fundamental skill for success in modern societies, and part of many common constructivist teaching approaches. However, its effective implementation and evaluation in both digital and physical learning environments are challenging for educators. This paper presents an original method for identifying differences in students' CPS behaviours when they are taking part in face-to-face practice-based learning (PBL). The dataset is based on high school and university students' hand position and head direction data, which can be automated deploying existing multimodal learning analytics systems. The framework uses Nonverbal Indexes of Students' Physical Interactivity (NISPI) to interpret the key parameters of students' CPS competence. The results show that the NISPI framework can be used to judge students' CPS competence levels accurately based on their non-verbal behaviour data. The findings have significant implications for design, research and development of educational technology.

Type: Article
Title: The NISPI framework: Analysing collaborative problem-solving from students' physical interactions
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1016/j.compedu.2017.08.007
Publisher version: http://doi.org/10.1016/j.compedu.2017.08.007
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the author accepted manuscript. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
Keywords: Collaborative learning, Problem-solving, Behaviour pattern differences, Practice-based learning, Indexes of physical interactivity
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Education
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Education > UCL Institute of Education
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Education > UCL Institute of Education > IOE - Culture, Communication and Media
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1576112
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