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Eye Movements During Visual Speech Perception in Deaf and Hearing Children

Worster, E; Pimperton, H; Ralph-Lewis, A; Monroy, L; Hulme, C; MacSweeney, MF; (2018) Eye Movements During Visual Speech Perception in Deaf and Hearing Children. Language Learning , 68 (S1) pp. 159-179. 10.1111/lang.12264. Green open access

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Abstract

For children who are born deaf, lipreading (speechreading) is an important source of access to spoken language. We used eye tracking to investigate the strategies used by deaf (n = 33) and hearing 5–8-year-olds (n = 59) during a sentence speechreading task. The proportion of time spent looking at the mouth during speech correlated positively with speechreading accuracy. In addition, all children showed a tendency to watch the mouth during speech and watch the eyes when the model was not speaking. The extent to which the children used this communicative pattern, which we refer to as social-tuning, positively predicted their speechreading performance, with the deaf children showing a stronger relationship than the hearing children. These data suggest that better speechreading skills are seen in those children, both deaf and hearing, who are able to guide their visual attention to the appropriate part of the image and in those who have a good understanding of conversational turn-taking.

Type: Article
Title: Eye Movements During Visual Speech Perception in Deaf and Hearing Children
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1111/lang.12264
Publisher version: http://doi.org/10.1111/lang.12264
Language: English
Additional information: © 2017 The Authors Language Learning published by Wiley Periodicals, Inc. on behalf of Language Learning Research Club, University of Michigan This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Keywords: Deaf; hearing; lipreading; speechreading; eye gaze; eye tracking
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Div of Psychology and Lang Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Div of Psychology and Lang Sciences > Institute of Cognitive Neuroscience
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Div of Psychology and Lang Sciences > Language and Cognition
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1575444
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