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Residual angle closure one year after laser peripheral iridotomy in primary angle closure suspects

Baskaran, M; Yang, E; Trikha, S; Kumar, RS; Wong, HT; He, M; Chew, PT; ... Aung, T; + view all (2017) Residual angle closure one year after laser peripheral iridotomy in primary angle closure suspects. American Journal of Ophthalmology , 183 pp. 111-117. 10.1016/j.ajo.2017.08.016. Green open access

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Abstract

PURPOSE: To determine the incidence and baseline clinical and anterior segment optical coherence tomography (AS-OCT) predictors associated with residual angle closure as assessed by gonioscopy 1 year after laser peripheral iridotomy (LPI) in primary angle closure suspects (PACS). DESIGN: Sub-analysis of randomized controlled trial data METHODS: AS-OCT images (Visante, Carl Zeiss Meditec, Dublin, CA) from 181 PACS subjects ≥ 50 years of age, were analyzed using customized software, prior to, and 1 year after LPI. Other parameters assessed were intraocular pressure (IOP) and axial length (Axl). Residual angle closure was defined as the inability to see the posterior trabecular meshwork for at least 2 quadrants on gonioscopy after LPI. Multivariate regression analysis determined the baseline predictors of residual angle closure 1 year after LPI. RESULTS: The mean age of participants was 62.4 (SD 9.9) years. The majority were female (137, 75.7%) and Chinese 174, 96.1%). At 1 year post LPI, 148 (81.8%) subjects had gonioscopic residual angle closure. Univariate analysis showed that baseline Axl, anterior chamber area, anterior chamber volume, angle opening distance at 750 microns from the scleral spur and angle recess area were smaller while baseline lens vault and iris curvature were larger in residual angle closure subjects (all p<0.05). Multivariate analysis revealed that baseline iris volume (B=-0.08, P=0.035) and baseline IOP (B=0.23, p=0.032) were predictors for residual angle closure. CONCLUSIONS: One year after LPI, >80% of PACS had gonioscopic residual angle closure. Greater baseline iris volume and higher IOP at baseline are independent risk factors for residual gonioscopic angle closure.

Type: Article
Title: Residual angle closure one year after laser peripheral iridotomy in primary angle closure suspects
Location: United States
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1016/j.ajo.2017.08.016
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ajo.2017.08.016
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the author accepted manuscript. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Institute of Ophthalmology
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1575377
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