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Multi-pair massive MIMO relay networks: power scaling laws and user scheduling strategy

Liang, X; Jin, S; Wong, K-K; Hong, T; Zhu, H; (2017) Multi-pair massive MIMO relay networks: power scaling laws and user scheduling strategy. IET Communications , 11 (10) pp. 1619-1625. 10.1049/iet-com.2016.1487. Green open access

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Abstract

This study studies a multi-pair massive multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) relaying network, where multiple pairs of users are served by a single relay station with a large number of antennas, and the amplify-and-forward protocol and zero-forcing (ZF) beamforming are used at the relay. The authors investigate the ergodic achievable rates for the users and obtain tight approximations in closed form for finite number of antennas. The rate performance and power efficiency are studied based on the analytical results for asymptotic scenarios, and the effect of scaling factors of transmit powers for users and relay are discussed. The closed-form expressions enable us to determine the optimal user scheduling which maximizes the ergodic sum-rate for the selected pairs. A simplified user scheduling algorithm is proposed which greatly reduces the average complexity of the optimal use pair search without any rate loss. Moreover, the complexity reduction for the proposed algorithm increases nonlinearly with the increase of the number of user pairs, which indicates that the simplified scheduling algorithm has notable advantages when the number of users is increased. The tightness for the analytical approximations and the superiority of the proposed algorithm are verified by Monte-Carlo simulation results.

Type: Article
Title: Multi-pair massive MIMO relay networks: power scaling laws and user scheduling strategy
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1049/iet-com.2016.1487
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1049/iet-com.2016.1487
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the author accepted manuscript. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
Keywords: Science & Technology, Technology, Engineering, Electrical & Electronic, Engineering, MIMO communication, relay networks (telecommunication), telecommunication scheduling, array signal processing, antenna arrays, computational complexity, search problems, amplify and forward communication, protocols, approximation theory, multipair massive MIMO relay networks, power scaling laws, user scheduling strategy, multiple-input multiple-output relaying network, single relay station, amplify-and-forward protocol, antennas, zero-forcing beamforming, rate performance, power efficiency, scaling factors, transmit powers, closed-form expressions, optimal user scheduling, ergodic sum-rate maximimization, optimal use pair search, complexity reduction, Monte-Carlo simulation, analytical approximations, FULL-DUPLEX, WIRELESS SYSTEMS, EFFICIENCY, ANTENNAS
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science > Dept of Electronic and Electrical Eng
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1572972
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