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Injection locking of a terahertz quantum cascade laser to a telecommunications wavelength frequency comb

Freeman, JR; Ponnampalam, L; Shams, H; Mohandas, RA; Renaud, CC; Dean, P; Li, L; ... Linfield, EH; + view all (2017) Injection locking of a terahertz quantum cascade laser to a telecommunications wavelength frequency comb. Optica , 4 (9) pp. 1059-1064. 10.1364/OPTICA.4.001059. Green open access

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Abstract

High-resolution spectroscopy not only can identify atoms and molecules but also can provide detailed information on their chemical and physical environment and relative motion. In the terahertz frequency region of the electromagnetic spectrum, where many molecules have fundamental vibrational modes, there is a lack of powerful sources with narrow linewidths that can be used for absorption measurements or as local oscillators in heterodyne detectors. The most promising solid-state source is the THz frequency quantum cascade laser (QCL), however, the linewidth of this compact semiconductor laser is typically too broad for many applications, and its frequency is not directly referenced to primary frequency standards. In this work, we injection lock a QCL operating at 2 THz to a compact fiber-based telecommunications wavelength frequency comb, where the comb line spacing is referenced to a microwave frequency reference. This results in the QCL frequency locking to an integer harmonic of the microwave reference, and the QCL linewidth reducing to the multiplied linewidth of the microwave reference, <100 Hz. Furthermore, we perform phaseresolved detection of the locked QCL and measure the phase noise of the locked system to be −75 dBc∕Hz at 10 kHz offset from the 2 THz carrier.

Type: Article
Title: Injection locking of a terahertz quantum cascade laser to a telecommunications wavelength frequency comb
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1364/OPTICA.4.001059
Publisher version: http://doi.org/10.1364/OPTICA.4.001059
Language: English
Additional information: Published by The Optical Society under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License. Further distribution of this work must maintain attribution to the author(s) and the published article's title, journal citation, and DOI.
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science > Dept of Electronic and Electrical Eng
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1572335
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