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Cash in a housing context: Transitional shelter and recovery in Japan

Faure Walker, J; Anna Crawford, C; (2017) Cash in a housing context: Transitional shelter and recovery in Japan. International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction , 24 pp. 216-231. 10.1016/j.ijdrr.2017.05.018. Green open access

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Abstract

This paper presents city dwellers and local authorities with questions that international humanitarian organisations (IHOs) may not ask after massive housing destruction. We examine Japan's transitional shelter strategy following the 2011 Great East Japan Earthquake and Tsunami (GEJET) against these questions: who decides when and where to build housing; what is built, how and by whom; who finances, owns or rents; and how might such conditions affect disaster response? The analysis puts strategy in context by combining data on housing, subsidies and insurance, rather than presenting shelter delivery in isolation. In Japan, systemic housing-related vulnerabilities preceded the GEJET; shelter was a time-limited accommodation service; and cash hand-outs were not a cultural norm, not intended to be sufficient and never equivalent to the cost of temporary housing units. We argue that such analysis is needed to challenge IHO thinking and uncover specific historical, regulatory and personal housing trajectories following a disaster.

Type: Article
Title: Cash in a housing context: Transitional shelter and recovery in Japan
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1016/j.ijdrr.2017.05.018
Publisher version: http://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijdrr.2017.05.018
Language: English
Additional information: This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article’s Creative Commons license, unless indicated otherwise in the credit line; if the material is not included under the Creative Commons license, users will need to obtain permission from the license holder to reproduce the material. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
Keywords: Japan, Great East Japan Earthquake and Tsunami, Transitional shelter, Mass customised housing
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Maths and Physical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Maths and Physical Sciences > Inst for Risk and Disaster Reduction
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1570470
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