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Evaluation of a model for total body protein mass based on dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry: comparison with a reference four component model

Fuller, NJ; Wells, JC; (2001) Evaluation of a model for total body protein mass based on dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry: comparison with a reference four component model. British Journal of Nutrition , 86 (1) 45 - 52. 10.1079/BJN2001387. Green open access

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Abstract

The aim of the present study was to evaluate a model of body composition for assessing total body protein (TBP) mass using dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA), with either measured or assumed total body water (TBW); it was intended to provide a less complex or demanding alternative technique to, for example, the four-component model (4-CM). The following measurements were obtained in healthy adults (n 46) aged 18–62 years, and children (n 30) aged 8–12 years: body weight (BWt), body volume (BV; under-water weighing), TBW (2H-dilution space or predicted using an assumed hydration fraction of fat-free mass (HFffm)), bone mineral content (BMC; DXA) and fat-free soft tissue (FFST; DXA). TBP was calculated using the 4-CM (TBP=3·050BWt-0·290TBW-2·734BMC-2·747BV) and the DXA model (TBP=FFST-0·2305BMC-TBW). DXA measurements were obtained using the Lunar DPX (Lunar Radiation Corporation, Madison, WI, USA) or Hologic QDR 1000/W (Hologic, Waltham, MA, USA). Precision of the DXA model for TBP with measured TBW (4·6–6·8 % mean TBP) was slightly worse than the 4-CM (4·0–5·4 %), whereas that modelled with assumed HFffm was more precise (2·4–5·2 %) because it obviated imprecision associated with measuring TBW. Agreement between the 4-CM and DXA model with measured TBW was also worse (e.g. bias, 15 % of the mean; 95 % limits of agreement up to ±39 % for adults measured on the Lunar DPX) than when a constant for HFffm was assumed (3·7 % and ±21 % respectively). Most of the variability in agreement between these various models was due to interpretation of biological factors, rather than to measurement imprecision. Therefore, the DXA model, which is less complex and demanding than the 4-CM, is of value for assessing TBP in groups of healthy subjects, but is of less value for individuals in whom there may be substantial differences from reference 4-CM estimates.

Type: Article
Title: Evaluation of a model for total body protein mass based on dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry: comparison with a reference four component model
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1079/BJN2001387
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1079/BJN2001387
Language: English
Additional information: © The Authors 2001
Keywords: bodies, body, comparison, COMPONENT, evaluation, MASS, model, NT, PROTEIN, X-ray
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > UCL GOS Institute of Child Health
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > UCL GOS Institute of Child Health > Population, Policy and Practice Dept
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/156851
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