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The effect of background music and noise on the cognitive test performance of Chinese introverts and extraverts

McClelland, AGR; Kou, S; Furnham, A; (2017) The effect of background music and noise on the cognitive test performance of Chinese introverts and extraverts. Psychology of Music 10.1177/0305735617704300. (In press). Green open access

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Abstract

Previous research has shown that background auditory distractors (music and sound/noise) have a more severe impact on introverts’ performances on complex cognitive tasks than extraverts (Dobbs, Furnham, & McClelland, 2011). The present study is a partial replication of Dobbs et al., but involving Chinese rather than English participants. Ninety-two Chinese participants (59 female) carried out three cognitive tasks with the presence of Chinese pop songs, background office noise, and silence. The results did not reveal any differences in performance as a function of the distraction condition, nor was there a difference in performance between extraverts and introverts. The failure to replicate is explained in terms of habituation to noisy environments among Chinese participants.

Type: Article
Title: The effect of background music and noise on the cognitive test performance of Chinese introverts and extraverts
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1177/0305735617704300
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0305735617704300
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the author accepted manuscript. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
Keywords: Arousal, background music, cognition, culture, personality
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Div of Psychology and Lang Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Div of Psychology and Lang Sciences > Experimental Psychology
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1568420
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