UCL Discovery
UCL home » Library Services » Electronic resources » UCL Discovery

Hygrothermal modelling of a sustainable retrofit taking into account the urban microclimate. Case study of the medieval city center of Cahors (France)

Claude, S; Ginestet, S; Bonhomme, M; Escadeillas, G; Taylor, JG; Marincioni, V; Altamirano, H; (2017) Hygrothermal modelling of a sustainable retrofit taking into account the urban microclimate. Case study of the medieval city center of Cahors (France). In: Brotas, L and Roaf, S and Nicol, F, (eds.) Design to Thrive: Proceedings of 33rd PLEA International Conference 2017, Volume II. (pp. pp. 3024-3031). Network for Comfort and Energy Use in Buildings (NCEUB) Green open access

[img]
Preview
Text
Taylor_PLEA2017_proceedings_volume_II.pdf - Published version

Download (737kB) | Preview

Abstract

With the global need to improve building energy efficiency, numerous old dwellings representing a large part of the building stock need to be retrofitted. In the centre of the city of Cahors, France, old dwellings are considered as historical heritage and have to be internally retrofit to preserve the architecture value of the exterior façade. Such retrofits can lead to damage due to, for example, before the retrofit, a careful hygrothermal study must be run to predict the moisture behaviour of construction assemblies. However, most models assume a stand-alone building without taking into account surrounding buildings, whereas in reality buildings will be influenced by their neighbouring environment. In our case study, historical buildings are located in a very dense urban environment, as typical medieval pattern where urban morphology cannot be neglected. In this study, the urban environment modification of the exterior boundary conditions (mainly solar radiation and convective heat transfer coefficient) and consequent hygrothermal performance of the wall was investigated. The model is implemented by coupling the hygrothermal model Delphin to the whole-building simulation model EnergyPlus and Geographic Information Systems (GIS) tool ArcGIS. The goal is to predict exterior boundary conditions in the real geometry of the dense urban area as well as hygrothermal transfer in building envelopes. An open insulation system based on bio-sourced materials is studied. The simulation results indicate a quantitative correlation between urban morphology features and the hygrothermal performance of the fabric and the impact of the insulation system on the fabric decay.

Type: Proceedings paper
Title: Hygrothermal modelling of a sustainable retrofit taking into account the urban microclimate. Case study of the medieval city center of Cahors (France)
Event: PLEA 2017, 33rd PLEA (Passive and Low Energy Buildings) International Conference, 3-5 July 2017, Edinburgh, UK
Location: Edingburgh, UK
Dates: 02 July 2017 - 05 July 2017
ISBN-13: 9780992895754
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
Publisher version: https://plea2017.net/
Language: English
Additional information: This is the published version of record. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
Keywords: internal wall insulation, hygrothermal performance, urban microclimate
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of the Built Environment
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of the Built Environment > Bartlett School Env, Energy and Resources
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1568413
Downloads since deposit
114Downloads
Download activity - last month
Download activity - last 12 months
Downloads by country - last 12 months

Archive Staff Only

View Item View Item