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Intervention for children with word-finding difficulties: A parallel group randomised control trial

Best, W; Hughes, LM; Masterson, J; Thomas, M; Fedor, A; Roncoli, S; Fern-Pollak, L; ... Kapikian, A; + view all (2018) Intervention for children with word-finding difficulties: A parallel group randomised control trial. International Journal of Speech-Language Pathology , 20 (7) pp. 708-719. 10.1080/17549507.2017.1348541. Green open access

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Abstract

PURPOSE: The study investigated the outcome of a word-web intervention for children diagnosed with word-finding difficulties (WFDs). METHOD: Twenty children age 6–8 years with WFDs confirmed by a discrepancy between comprehension and production on the Test of Word Finding-2, were randomly assigned to intervention (n = 11) and waiting control (n = 9) groups. The intervention group had six sessions of intervention which used word-webs and targeted children’s meta-cognitive awareness and word-retrieval. RESULT: On the treated experimental set (n = 25 items) the intervention group gained on average four times as many items as the waiting control group (d = 2.30). There were also gains on personally chosen items for the intervention group. There was little change on untreated items for either group. CONCLUSION: The study is the first randomised control trial to demonstrate an effect of word-finding therapy with children with language difficulties in mainstream school. The improvement in word-finding for treated items was obtained following a clinically realistic intervention in terms of approach, intensity and duration.

Type: Article
Title: Intervention for children with word-finding difficulties: A parallel group randomised control trial
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1080/17549507.2017.1348541
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/17549507.2017.1348541
Language: English
Additional information: © 2017 The Author(s). Published by Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), whichpermits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Keywords: Intervention, word-finding difficulties, phonology, semantics, naming
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Education
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Education > UCL Institute of Education
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Education > UCL Institute of Education > IOE - Psychology and Human Development
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Div of Psychology and Lang Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Div of Psychology and Lang Sciences > Language and Cognition
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1567738
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