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Multichannel Cross-Layer Routing for Sensor Networks

Nordin, N; (2017) Multichannel Cross-Layer Routing for Sensor Networks. Doctoral thesis , UCL (University College London). Green open access

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Wireless Sensor Networks are ad-hoc networks that consist of sensor nodes that typically use low-power radios to connect to the Internet. The channels used by the low-power radio often suffer from interference from the other devices sharing the same frequency. By using multichannel communication in wireless networks, the effects of interference can be mitigated to enable the network to operate reliably. This thesis investigates an energy efficient multichannel protocol in Wireless Sensor Networks. It presents a new decentralised multichannel tree-building protocol with a centralised controller for ad-hoc sensor networks. The proposed protocol alleviates the effect of interference, which results in improved network efficiency, stability, and link reliability. The protocol detects the channels that suffer interference in real-time and switches the sensor nodes from those channels. It takes into account all available channels and aims to use the spectrum efficiently by transmitting on several channels. In addition to the use of multiple channels, the protocol reconstructs the topology based on the sensor nodes’ residual energy, which can prolong the network lifetime. The sensor nodes’ energy consumption is reduced because of the multichannel protocol. By using the lifetime energy spanning tree algorithm proposed in this thesis, energy consumption can be further improved by balancing the energy load in the network. This solution enables sensor nodes with less residual energy to remain functional in the network. The benefits of the proposed protocol are described in an extensive performance evaluation of different scenarios in this thesis.

Type: Thesis (Doctoral)
Title: Multichannel Cross-Layer Routing for Sensor Networks
Event: UCL (University College London)
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
Language: English
Keywords: WSN, sensor network, MCRP, Internet of Things
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science > Dept of Electronic and Electrical Eng
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1566915
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