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Associations of centrally acting ACE inhibitors with cognitive decline and survival in Alzheimer's disease.

Fazal, K; Perera, G; Khondoker, M; Howard, R; Stewart, R; (2017) Associations of centrally acting ACE inhibitors with cognitive decline and survival in Alzheimer's disease. BJPsych Open , 3 (4) pp. 158-164. 10.1192/bjpo.bp.116.004184. Green open access

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Abstract

BACKGROUND: Cognitive improvement has been reported in patients receiving centrally acting angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (C-ACEIs). AIMS: To compare cognitive decline and survival after diagnosis of Alzheimer's disease between people receiving C-ACEIs, non-centrally acting angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (NC-ACEIs), and neither. METHOD: Routine Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) scores were extracted in 5260 patients receiving acetylcholinesterase inhibitors and analysed against C-/NC-ACEI exposure at the time of Alzheimer's disease diagnosis. RESULTS: In the 9 months after Alzheimer's disease diagnosis, MMSE scores significantly increased by 0.72 and 0.19 points per year in patients on C-ACEIs and neither respectively, but deteriorated by 0.61 points per year in those on NC-ACEIs. There were no significant group differences in score trajectories from 9 to 36 months and no differences in survival. CONCLUSIONS: In people with Alzheimer's disease receiving acetylcholinesterase inhibitors, those also taking C-ACEIs had stronger initial improvement in cognitive function, but there was no evidence of longer-lasting influence on dementia progression. DECLARATION OF INTEREST: R.S. has received research funding from Pfizer, Lundbeck, Roche, Janssen and GlaxoSmithKline. COPYRIGHT AND USAGE: © The Royal College of Psychiatrists 2017. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Non-Commercial, No Derivatives (CC BY-NC-ND) license.

Type: Article
Title: Associations of centrally acting ACE inhibitors with cognitive decline and survival in Alzheimer's disease.
Location: England
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1192/bjpo.bp.116.004184
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1192/bjpo.bp.116.004184
Language: English
Additional information: © The Royal College of Psychiatrists 2017. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Non-Commercial, No Derivatives (CC BY-NC-ND) license.
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Division of Psychiatry
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1566668
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