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Can Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders Learn New Vocabulary From Linguistic Context?

Lucas, R; Thomas, L; Norbury, CF; (2017) Can Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders Learn New Vocabulary From Linguistic Context? Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders , 47 (7) pp. 2205-2216. 10.1007/s10803-017-3151-z. Green open access

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Abstract

This study investigated whether children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) can learn vocabulary from linguistic context. Thirty-five children with ASD (18 with age-appropriate structural language; 17 with language impairment [ALI]) and 29 typically developing peers were taught 20 Science words. Half were presented in linguistic context from which meaning could be inferred, whilst half were accompanied by an explicit definition. Children with ASD were able to learn from context. Condition did not influence phonological learning, but receptive semantic knowledge was greatest in the context condition, and expressive semantic knowledge greatest in the definitional condition. The ALI group learnt less than their peers. This suggests that at least some vocabulary should be taught explicitly, and children with ALI may need additional tuition.

Type: Article
Title: Can Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders Learn New Vocabulary From Linguistic Context?
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1007/s10803-017-3151-z
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10803-017-3151-z
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the author accepted manuscript. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
Keywords: Autism spectrum disorder, Language impairment, Vocabulary instruction, Word learning, Context
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Div of Psychology and Lang Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Div of Psychology and Lang Sciences > Language and Cognition
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1565918
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