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Effects of graphene sulfonate nanosheets on mechanical and thermal properties of sacrificial concrete during high temperature exposure

Chu, H-Y; Jiang, J-Y; Sun, W; Zhang, M; (2017) Effects of graphene sulfonate nanosheets on mechanical and thermal properties of sacrificial concrete during high temperature exposure. Cement and Concrete Composites , 82 pp. 252-264. 10.1016/j.cemconcomp.2017.06.007. Green open access

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Abstract

Using nanomaterials is a new method to improve concrete material, and graphene or its derivatives are currently the most attractive nanomaterials. This paper aims to experimentally evaluate the effects of graphene sulfonate nanosheets (GSNSs) on physical, mechanical, and thermal properties of sacrificial concrete. The microstructure, porosity, compressive strength, thermal analysis, coefficient of thermal expansion, thermal diffusivity and ablation behaviour of sacrificial concrete with different contents of GSNSs before and during exposure to various temperatures up to 1000 °C were comprehensively investigated. A new experimental apparatus was proposed and used to measure the compressive strength of sacrificial concrete during elevated temperature exposure. It was found that, (1) the compressive strength, thermal diffusivity, and decomposition enthalpy of sacrificial concrete increased by 10.14–23.11%, 6.51–27.66%, and 7.48%, respectively, when adding 0.1 wt% GSNSs; (2) the porosity and ablation velocity of sacrificial concrete reduced by 2.00–6.00% and 7.48%, respectively, due to the incorporation of GSNSs.

Type: Article
Title: Effects of graphene sulfonate nanosheets on mechanical and thermal properties of sacrificial concrete during high temperature exposure
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1016/j.cemconcomp.2017.06.007
Publisher version: http://doi.org/10.1016/j.cemconcomp.2017.06.007
Language: English
Additional information: © 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. This version is the author accepted manuscript. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
Keywords: Sacrificial concrete; Graphene sulfonate nanosheets; Porosity; Compressive strength; Coefficient of thermal expansion; Thermal diffusivity
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science > Dept of Civil, Environ and Geomatic Eng
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1563508
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