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Post-translational regulation contributes to the loss of LKB1 expression through SIRT1 deacetylase in osteosarcomas

Presneau, N; Duhamel, LA; Ye, H; Tirabosco, R; Flanagan, AM; Eskandarpour, M; (2017) Post-translational regulation contributes to the loss of LKB1 expression through SIRT1 deacetylase in osteosarcomas. British Journal of Cancer , 117 pp. 398-408. 10.1038/bjc.2017.174. Green open access

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Abstract

BACKGROUND: The most prevalent form of bone cancer is osteosarcoma (OS), which is associated with poor prognosis in case of metastases formation. Mice harbouring liver kinase B1 (LKB1(+/-)) develop osteoblastoma-like tumours. Therefore, we asked whether loss of LKB1 gene has a role in the pathogenesis of human OS. METHODS: Osteosarcomas (n=259) were screened for LKB1 and sirtuin 1 (SIRT1) protein expression using immunohistochemistry and western blot. Those cases were also screened for LKB1 genetic alterations by next-generation sequencing, Sanger sequencing, restriction fragment length polymorphism and fluorescence in situ hybridisation approaches. We studied LKB1 protein degradation through SIRT1 expression. MicroRNA expression investigations were also conducted to identify the microRNAs involved in the SIRT1/LKB1 pathway. RESULTS: Forty-one per cent (106 out of 259) OS had lost LKB1 protein expression with no evident genetic anomalies. We obtained evidence that SIRT1 impairs LKB1 protein stability, and that SIRT1 depletion leads to accumulation of LKB1 in OS cell lines resulting in growth arrest. Further investigations revealed the role of miR-204 in the regulation of SIRT1 expression, which impairs LKB1 stability. CONCLUSIONS: We demonstrated the involvement of sequential regulation of miR-204/SIRT1/LKB1 in OS cases and showed a mechanism for the loss of expression of LKB1 tumour suppressor in this malignancy.

Type: Article
Title: Post-translational regulation contributes to the loss of LKB1 expression through SIRT1 deacetylase in osteosarcomas
Location: England
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1038/bjc.2017.174
Publisher version: http://doi.org/10.1038/bjc.2017.174
Language: English
Additional information: This work is published under the standard license to publish agreement. After 12 months the work will become freely available and the license terms will switch to a Creative Commons AttributionNonCommercial-Share Alike 4.0 Unported License.
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Cancer Institute
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Cancer Institute > Research Department of Pathology
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1562189
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