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EU Research and Innovation Policies as Factors of Convergence or Divergence after the Crisis

Izsak, K; Radosevic, S; (2017) EU Research and Innovation Policies as Factors of Convergence or Divergence after the Crisis. Science and Public Policy , 44 (2) pp. 274-283. 10.1093/scipol/scw063. Green open access

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Abstract

The 2008 global financial and economic crisis has disturbed the evolution of research and innovation (R&I) policies in Europe and it continues to have significant consequences. This article reviews the evolution of and changes in R&I policy funding and measures before and in the aftermath of the crisis, and analyses reactions in three groups: Southern, Central-Eastern, and Northwest European country groups. Based on the analysis of the Erawatch-TrendChart Inventory, we show that the crisis induced three different responses. In Northwest Europe, it induced further support for R&I activities; in Southern Europe it led to the collapse of national public support and its substitution only to some extent by EU Structural Funds; and in Central-Eastern Europe to an apparently much stronger compensation effect. Overall, these trends suggest that R&I policies have operated as a factor of further divergence between Northwest and South, and as potential factor of convergence between Northwest and Central-East.

Type: Article
Title: EU Research and Innovation Policies as Factors of Convergence or Divergence after the Crisis
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1093/scipol/scw063
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/scipol/scw063
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the author accepted manuscript. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
Keywords: Social Sciences, Management, Planning & Development, Public Administration, Business & Economics, crisis, research and innovation policies, convergence, divergence, RESEARCH-AND-DEVELOPMENT, ECONOMIC-CRISIS, SYSTEMS, TIMES
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH > SSEES
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1561805
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