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A demoicratic justification of differentiated integration in a heterogeneous EU

Bellamy, R; Kröger, S; (2017) A demoicratic justification of differentiated integration in a heterogeneous EU. Journal of European Integration , 39 (5) pp. 625-639. 10.1080/07036337.2017.1332058. Green open access

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Abstract

Earlier scholarship assumed differentiated integration (DI) was pragmatic and temporary and that member states should and would converge on the same policies. By contrast, we contend that many instances of DI can be normatively justified on democratic grounds of fairness, impartiality and equity as suitable ways to accommodate economic, social and cultural heterogeneity. We distinguish between instrumental, constitutional and legislative differentiation and relate them respectively to problems of proportionality, partiality and difference. In so far as member states have unequal stakes in EU level collective decisions, reflecting their economic and social heterogeneity, or apply distinct constitutional norms to them, reflecting their cultural heterogeneity, then fairness and impartiality in decision-making justify respectively instrumental and constitutional DI, while the equity of regulations when applied to relevantly different agents and agencies warrant legislative forms of DI.

Type: Article
Title: A demoicratic justification of differentiated integration in a heterogeneous EU
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1080/07036337.2017.1332058
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/07036337.2017.1332058
Language: English
Additional information: © 2017 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group. This version is the author accepted manuscript. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
Keywords: EU, demoicracy, differentiated integration, heterogeneity, justification
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH > Faculty of S&HS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH > Faculty of S&HS > Dept of Political Science
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1560603
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