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Effects of Structural Congestion and Surrounding Obstacles on the Overpressure Loads in Explosions: Experiment and CFD Simulations

Bae, MH; Paik, JK; (2018) Effects of Structural Congestion and Surrounding Obstacles on the Overpressure Loads in Explosions: Experiment and CFD Simulations. Ships and Offshore Structures , 13 (2) pp. 165-180. 10.1080/17445302.2017.1347978. Green open access

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Abstract

An experimental and numerical study was undertaken to identify the characteristics of overpressure loads in offshore platform models subject to hydrocarbon explosions, with a focus on the structural congestion and surrounding obstacles. A large-scale (one-half) test model of a FLNG (liquefied natural gas floating production storage and offloading unit) topside structure was used for the experiment. Computational fluid dynamics (CFD) were used to calculate the overpressure loads in explosions with varying degrees of structural congestion. The overpressure loads tended to be more significant with the increase in structural congestion because the ventilation of exploded gas was retarded due to the obstacles presented by congested structural elements. Also, the overpressure loads with the surrounding structures are much larger than those without them. Details about the test database are documented to provide a useful reference for other researchers to validate numerical and theoretical methods.

Type: Article
Title: Effects of Structural Congestion and Surrounding Obstacles on the Overpressure Loads in Explosions: Experiment and CFD Simulations
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1080/17445302.2017.1347978
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/17445302.2017.1347978
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the author accepted manuscript. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
Keywords: Hydrocarbon explosion, overpressure loads, structural congestion, surrounding structures, computational fluid dynamics simulation
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science > Dept of Mechanical Engineering
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1560081
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