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Governmental duty of care for disaster-related science diplomacy

Kelman, I; (2017) Governmental duty of care for disaster-related science diplomacy. Disaster Prevention and Management , 26 (4) pp. 412-423. 10.1108/DPM-02-2017-0031. Green open access

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Abstract

PURPOSE: The purpose of this paper is to present a first exploration of governmental duty of care towards scientists involved in science diplomacy by focusing on disaster research. DESIGN/METHODOLOGY/APPROACH: The method is a conceptual exploration, using specific case studies and potential scenarios within theories and practices of science diplomacy and duty of care, to raise questions and to suggest policy recommendations for government. The focus on disaster research links the analysis to disaster diplomacy, namely, how and why disaster-related activities (in this case, science) do and do not influence peace and conflict. FINDINGS: From examining case studies of, and outputs and outcomes from, disaster-related science diplomacy, governments need to consider duty of care issues in advance and develop a science diplomacy strategy, rather than responding after the fact or developing policy ad hoc. PRACTICAL IMPLICATIONS: Policy recommendations are provided to try to ensure that governments avoid simply reacting after a crisis, instead being ready for a situation before it arises and drawing on others’ experience to improve their own actions. SOCIAL IMPLICATIONS: Improved interaction between science and society is discussed in the context of diplomacy, especially for disaster-related activities. ORIGINALITY/VALUE: Governmental duty of care has not before been applied to science diplomacy. The focus on disaster-related science further provides a comparatively new dimension for science diplomacy.

Type: Article
Title: Governmental duty of care for disaster-related science diplomacy
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1108/DPM-02-2017-0031
Publisher version: http://doi.org/10.1108/DPM-02-2017-0031
Language: English
Additional information: © Emerald Publishing Limited 2017. Published by Emerald Publishing Limited. Licensed re-use rights only. This version is the author accepted manuscript. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
Keywords: Science & Technology, Social Sciences, Life Sciences & Biomedicine, Environmental Studies, Public, Environmental & Occupational Health, Management, Environmental Sciences & Ecology, Business & Economics, Disaster response and recovery, Duty of care, Disaster risk reduction, Disaster management, Disaster diplomacy, Science diplomacy, CUBA, KOREA, ERUPTION, FUTURE
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Maths and Physical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Maths and Physical Sciences > Inst for Risk and Disaster Reduction
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1557960
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