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Early indicators of self-esteem in teenagers: Findings from a nationally representative sample

Cheng, H; Furnham, A; (2017) Early indicators of self-esteem in teenagers: Findings from a nationally representative sample. Personality and Individual Differences , 116 pp. 139-143. 10.1016/j.paid.2017.04.037. Green open access

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Abstract

This study explored a longitudinal data set of 3096 British sixteen year olds with data collected in 1970, 1980, and 1986. It examined how parental social status at birth; intelligence, locus of control and behavioural problems (all measured at age 10) influenced teenage self-esteem measured at age 16. There were two related measures of self-esteem: General and School setting. Correlational analysis showed locus of control beliefs, childhood intelligence scores, behavioural problems and parental social status were all significantly related to the self-esteem measures at age 16. Structural Equation Modelling showed that childhood locus of control, childhood intelligence and behavioural problems were significant and independent predictors of self-esteem at age 16. These factors remained the significant predictors of the outcome variable after controlling for self-esteem measured at age 10, indicating the unique effects of early factors on the outcome variable. Limitations and implications of this study are considered.

Type: Article
Title: Early indicators of self-esteem in teenagers: Findings from a nationally representative sample
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1016/j.paid.2017.04.037
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.paid.2017.04.037
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the author accepted manuscript. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
Keywords: Social Sciences, Psychology, Social, Psychology, Self-esteem, Parental social status, Intelligence, Locus of control, Behavioural problems, Longitudinal, PERSONALITY, DISORDERS, HAPPINESS, HEALTH, MODELS
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Div of Psychology and Lang Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Div of Psychology and Lang Sciences > Clinical, Edu and Hlth Psychology
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1557876
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