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Electrocardiographic differentiation of idiopathic right ventricular outflow tract ectopy from early arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy

Novak, J; Zorzi, A; Castelletti, S; Pantasis, A; Rigato, I; Corrado, D; Mckenna, W; (2017) Electrocardiographic differentiation of idiopathic right ventricular outflow tract ectopy from early arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy. Europace , 19 (4) pp. 622-628. 10.1093/europace/euw018. Green open access

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Abstract

Aims: The differentiation between idiopathic right ventricular outflow tract (RVOT) arrhythmias and early arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy (ARVC) can be challenging. We aimed to assess whether QRS morphological features and coupling interval of ventricular ectopic beats (VEBs) can improve differentiation between the two conditions. Methods and Results: Twenty desmosomal-gene mutation carriers (13 females, mean age 43 years) with no or mild ARVC phenotypic expression and 33 age- and sex-matched subjects with idiopathic RVOT arrhythmias were studied. All patients exhibited isolated monomorphic VEBs with left bundle branch block/inferior axis morphology. The predictive value of ectopic QRS morphology and coupling interval was evaluated. Five ectopic QRS features were significantly more common in desmosomal-gene mutation carriers than in idiopathic RVOT-ventricular arrhythmia patients: maximal QRS duration >160 ms (60 vs. 27%, P = 0.02), intrinsicoid deflection time >80 ms (65 vs. 24%, P = 0.01), initial QRS slurring (40 vs. 12%, P = 0.04), QS pattern in lead V1 (90 vs. 36%, P < 0.001), and QRS axis >90° in limb leads (60 vs. 24%, P = 0.01). In the multivariate analysis, intrinsicoid deflection time >80 ms [odds ratio (OR) = 9.9], QS pattern in lead V1 (OR = 28), and QRS axis >90° (OR = 5.7) remained independent predictors of early ARVC. The coupling interval did not differ between the two groups. Conclusions: In patients with RVOT VEBs and no major electrocardiographic or echocardiographic abnormalities, the ectopic QRS morphology aids in the differential diagnosis between idiopathic RVOT arrhythmias and early ARVC.

Type: Article
Title: Electrocardiographic differentiation of idiopathic right ventricular outflow tract ectopy from early arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy
Location: England
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1093/europace/euw018
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/europace/euw018
Language: English
Additional information: Copyright © The Author 2016. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the European Society of Cardiology. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/), which permits non-commercial re-use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. For commercial re-use, please contact journals.
Keywords: Arrhythmogenic cardiomyopathy, Cardiomyopathy, ECG, Ventricular ectopic beat, Ventricular tachycardia
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Institute of Cardiovascular Science
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Institute of Cardiovascular Science > Clinical Science
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1557336
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