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Breast MRI segmentation for density estimation: Do different methods give the same results and how much do differences matter?

Doran, SJ; Hipwell, JH; Denholm, R; Eiben, B; Busana, M; Hawkes, DJ; Leach, MO; (2017) Breast MRI segmentation for density estimation: Do different methods give the same results and how much do differences matter? Medical Physics , 44 (9) pp. 4573-4592. 10.1002/mp.12320. Green open access

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Abstract

PURPOSE: To compare two methods of automatic breast segmentation with each other and with manual segmentation in a large subject cohort. To discuss the factors involved in selecting the most appropriate algorithm for automatic segmentation and, in particular, to investigate the appropriateness of overlap measures (e.g., Dice and Jaccard coefficients) as the primary determinant in algorithm selection. METHODS: Two methods of breast segmentation were applied to the task of calculating MRI breast density in 200 subjects drawn from the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children, a large cohort study with an MRI component. A semi-automated, bias-corrected, fuzzy C-means (BC-FCM) method was combined with morphological operations to segment the overall breast volume from inphase Dixon images. The method makes use of novel, problem-specific insights. The resulting segmentation mask was then applied to the corresponding Dixon water and fat images, which were combined to give Dixon MRI density values. Contemporaneously acquired T1 - and T2 -weighted image datasets were analysed using a novel and fully automated algorithm involving image filtering, landmark identification and explicit location of the pectoral muscle boundary. Within the region found, fat-water discrimination was performed using an Expectation Maximisation - Markov Random Field technique, yielding a second independent estimate of MRI density. RESULTS: Images are presented for two individual women, demonstrating how the difficulty of the problem is highly subject-specific. Dice and Jaccard coefficients comparing the semiautomated BC-FCM method, operating on Dixon source data, with expert manual segmentation are presented. The corresponding results for the method based on T1 - and T2 -weighted data are slightly lower in the individual cases shown, but scatter plots and inter-class correlations for the cohort as a whole show that both methods do an excellent job in segmenting and classifying breast tissue. CONCLUSIONS: Epidemiological results demonstrate that both methods of automated segmentation are suitable for the chosen application and that it is important to consider a range of factors when choosing a segmentation algorithm, rather than focus narrowly on a single metric such as the Dice coefficient. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

Type: Article
Title: Breast MRI segmentation for density estimation: Do different methods give the same results and how much do differences matter?
Location: United States
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1002/mp.12320
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/mp.12320
Language: English
Additional information: Copyright © 2017 The Authors. Medical Physics published by WileyPeriodicals, Inc. on behalf of American Association of Physicists in Medicine. This is an open-access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Keywords: ALSPAC, MRI, breast cancer, mammographic density, segmentation
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science > Dept of Med Phys and Biomedical Eng
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1557037
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