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Modelling the relationship between needs and costs: How accurate resource allocation can deliver personal budgets and personalisation

Clifford, P; Saunders, R; Gibbon, L; (2013) Modelling the relationship between needs and costs: How accurate resource allocation can deliver personal budgets and personalisation. Research, Policy and Planning , 30 (2) pp. 107-120. Green open access

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Abstract

A fundamental question for social policy is how accurately costs can be predicted from individual needs and characteristics. In the UK this question has added salience due to recent policy reforms: the Care Bill 2013 (HM Government, 2013) obliges local councils to offer users of social care ‘personal budgets’ that enable them to tailor the support they receive to their personal goals and circumstances more precisely than has traditionally been the case. In order for this to work in practice, a method is needed with which to determine the level of funding to be made available to any individual with a given set of needs. Resource allocation systems based upon measures of need are one widely adopted approach to estimating the cost of the individual service user’s care package in a manner directly proportionate to individual need. However, some recent studies have questioned the feasibility and utility of such systems, arguing that the relationship between needs and costs cannot be modelled with sufficient accuracy to provide a useful guide to individual allocation. In contrast, this paper presents three studies demonstrating that this is possible. It is argued that the ability to accurately predict costs from needs both supports personalisation and has wider policy applications.

Type: Article
Title: Modelling the relationship between needs and costs: How accurate resource allocation can deliver personal budgets and personalisation
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
Keywords: social care, resource allocation, personalisation, needs assessment
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Div of Psychology and Lang Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Div of Psychology and Lang Sciences > Clinical, Edu and Hlth Psychology
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1554659
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