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Obinutuzumab induces superior B-cell cytotoxicity to rituximab in rheumatoid arthritis and systemic lupus erythematosus patient samples

Reddy, V; Klein, C; Isenberg, DA; Glennie, MJ; Cambridge, G; Cragg, MS; Leandro, MJ; (2017) Obinutuzumab induces superior B-cell cytotoxicity to rituximab in rheumatoid arthritis and systemic lupus erythematosus patient samples. Rheumatology , 56 (7) pp. 1227-1237. 10.1093/rheumatology/kex067. Green open access

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Abstract

Objective.: A proportion of RA and SLE patients treated with standard doses of rituximab (RTX) display inefficient B cell deletion and poor clinical responses that can be augmented by delivering higher doses, indicating that standard-dose RTX is a sub-optimal therapy in these patients. This study aimed to investigate whether better responses could be achieved with mechanistically different anti-CD20 mAbs. Methods.: We compared RTX with obinutuzumab (OBZ), a new-generation, glycoengineered type II anti-CD20 mAb, in a series of in vitro assays measuring B cell cytotoxicity in RA and SLE patient samples. Results.: We found that OBZ was at least 2-fold more efficient than RTX at inducing B-cell cytotoxicity in in vitro whole blood assays. Dissecting this difference, we found that RTX elicited more potent complement-dependent cellular cytotoxicity than OBZ. In contrast, OBZ was more effective at evoking Fc gamma receptor-mediated effector mechanisms, including activation of NK cells and neutrophils, probably due to stronger interaction with Fc gamma receptors and the ability of OBZ to remain at the cell surface following CD20 engagement, whereas RTX became internalized. OBZ was also more efficient at inducing direct cell death. This was true for all CD19 + B cells as a whole and in naïve (IgD + CD27 - ) and switched (IgD - CD27 + ) memory B cells specifically, a higher frequency of which is associated with poor clinical response after RTX. Conclusion.: Taken together, these data provide a mechanistic basis for resistance to rituximab-induced B-cell depletion, and for considering obinutuzumab as an alternative B-cell depleting agent in RA and SLE.

Type: Article
Title: Obinutuzumab induces superior B-cell cytotoxicity to rituximab in rheumatoid arthritis and systemic lupus erythematosus patient samples
Location: England
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1093/rheumatology/kex067
Publisher version: http://doi.org/10.1093/rheumatology/kex067
Language: English
Additional information: Copyright © The Author 2017. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the British Society for Rheumatology. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted reuse, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Keywords: B cells, obinutuzumab, rheumatoid arthritis, rituximab, systemic lupus erythematosus
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Div of Medicine
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Div of Medicine > Inflammation
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1553242
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