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The Ebola outbreak, 2013-2016: old lessons for new epidemics

Coltart, CEM; Lindsey, B; Ghinai, I; Johnson, AM; Heymann, DL; (2017) The Ebola outbreak, 2013-2016: old lessons for new epidemics. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences , 372 (1721) , Article 20160297. 10.1098/rstb.2016.0297. Green open access

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Abstract

Ebola virus causes a severe haemorrhagic fever in humans with high case fatality and significant epidemic potential. The 2013–2016 outbreak in West Africa was unprecedented in scale, being larger than all previous outbreaks combined, with 28 646 reported cases and 11 323 reported deaths. It was also unique in its geographical distribution and multicountry spread. It is vital that the lessons learned from the world's largest Ebola outbreak are not lost. This article aims to provide a detailed description of the evolution of the outbreak. We contextualize this outbreak in relation to previous Ebola outbreaks and outline the theories regarding its origins and emergence. The outbreak is described by country, in chronological order, including epidemiological parameters and implementation of outbreak containment strategies. We then summarize the factors that led to rapid and extensive propagation, as well as highlight the key successes, failures and lessons learned from this outbreak and the response.

Type: Article
Title: The Ebola outbreak, 2013-2016: old lessons for new epidemics
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1098/rstb.2016.0297
Publisher version: http://doi.org/10.1098/rstb.2016.0297
Language: English
Additional information: © 2017 The Authors. Published by the Royal Society under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/, which permits unrestricted use, provided the original author and source are credited
Keywords: Science & Technology, Life Sciences & Biomedicine, Biology, Life Sciences & Biomedicine - Other Topics, Ebola, Ebola virus disease, Ebola outbreak, West Africa, VIRUS DISEASE EPIDEMIC, HEALTH-CARE WORKERS, SIERRA-LEONE, GLOBAL RESPONSE, FEBRUARY 2015, WEST-AFRICA, FRUIT BATS, TRANSMISSION, SURVEILLANCE, CHALLENGES
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Institute for Global Health
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Institute for Global Health > Infection and Population Health
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1552803
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