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History, Violence and Collective Memory: Implications for Mental Health in Ecuador

Capella, M; Jadhav, SS; Moncrieff, J; (2019) History, Violence and Collective Memory: Implications for Mental Health in Ecuador. Transcultural Psychiatry 10.1177/1363461519834377. (In press). Green open access

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Abstract

National histories of violence shape experiences of suffering and professional responses. In Ecuador, mental health literature addressing this crucial issue is scarce and little debated. In contrast, local psychiatrists and psychologists within the country face contemporary challenges that are deeply rooted in a violent colonial past and the perpetuation of its fundamental ethos. This paper critically reviews relevant literature on collective memory and historical trauma, and focuses on Ecuador as a case study on how to incorporate history into modern mental health challenges. The discussion poses key questions and outlines possible ways for Ecuador to address the link between history and mental health, including insights from countries that have struggled with their violent pasts. This paper contributes to ongoing international debate on the role of cultural history in mental health with implications for social scientists and practising clinicians in former colonised nations.

Type: Article
Title: History, Violence and Collective Memory: Implications for Mental Health in Ecuador
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1177/1363461519834377
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1177/1363461519834377
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the author accepted manuscript. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
Keywords: Ecuador, violence, collective memory, local mental health, post colonial, trauma
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Division of Psychiatry
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1551694
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