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The HIV continuum of care in European Union countries in 2013: data and challenges

Gourlay, A; Noori, T; Pharris, A; Axelsson, M; Costagliola, D; Cowan, S; Croxford, S; ... European HIV continuum of care working group, .; + view all (2017) The HIV continuum of care in European Union countries in 2013: data and challenges. Clinical Infectious Diseases 10.1093/cid/cix212. (In press). Green open access

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Abstract

BACKGROUND: UNAIDS has set a 90-90-90 target to curb the HIV epidemic by 2020, but methods used to assess whether countries have reached this target are not standardised, hindering comparisons. METHODS: Through a collaboration formed by the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC) with European HIV cohorts and surveillance agencies, we constructed a standardised, four-stage continuum of HIV care for 11 European Union (EU) countries for 2013. Stages were defined as: 1) number of people living with HIV (PLHIV) in the country by end of 2013; 2) proportion of stage 1 ever diagnosed; 3) proportion of stage 2 ever initiated ART; and 4) proportion of stage 3 who became virally-suppressed (≤200 copies/mL). Case surveillance data were used primarily to derive stages 1 (using back-calculation models) and 2, and cohort data for stages 3 and 4. RESULTS: In 2013, 674,500 people in the 11 countries were estimated to be living with HIV, ranging from 5,500 to 153,400 in each country. Overall HIV prevalence was 0.22% (range 0.09%-0.36%). Overall proportions, of each previous stage, were 84% diagnosed, 84% on ART, and 85% virally-suppressed (60% of PLHIV). Two countries achieved ≥90% for all stages, and over half had reached ≥90% for at least one stage. CONCLUSIONS: EU countries are nearing the 90-90-90 target. Reducing the proportion undiagnosed remains the greatest barrier to achieving this target, suggesting further efforts are needed to improve HIV testing rates. Standardising methods to derive comparable continuums of care remains a challenge.

Type: Article
Title: The HIV continuum of care in European Union countries in 2013: data and challenges
Location: United States
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1093/cid/cix212
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1093/cid/cix212
Language: English
Additional information: Copyright © The Author 2017. Published by Oxford University Press for the Infectious Diseases Society of America. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs licence (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/), which permits non-commercial reproduction and distribution of the work, in any medium, provided the original work is not altered or transformed in any way, and that the work is properly cited. For commercial re-use, please contact journals.permissions@oup.com.
Keywords: HIV infection, antiretroviral therapy, cohort analysis, continuum of care, surveillance
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Institute for Global Health
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Institute for Global Health > Infection and Population Health
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1550562
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