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Barriers to compassionate imagery generation in personality disorder: intra- and inter-personal factors

Naismith, Iona; (2016) Barriers to compassionate imagery generation in personality disorder: intra- and inter-personal factors. Doctoral thesis (D.Clin.Psy), UCL (University College London).

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Abstract

This empirical paper is part of a joint project with another UCL DClinPsy trainee, Amanda Mwale Her paper is entitled "Exploring barriers to generating compassionate imagery in individuals with a personality disorder: the role of the severity of adverse childhood experiences, self-compassion and affect". An outline of each trainee's contribution is given in Appendix One. Part One of this volume is a literature review entitled 'Self-Compassion and Self- Forgiveness Interventions for Anger and Aggression". Self-compassion/forgiveness interventions for anger and aggression have been developed on the assumptions that aggression is often a response to shame, and that self-compassion/forgiveness is an effective way to reduce shame. However, no review has examined the empirical basis for these approaches. A systematic review identified nine papers exploring the relationship between anger, angry cognitions or aggression and self-compassion/forgiveness. Findings indicated that self-compassion and self-forgiveness are correlated with angry cognitions and aggression. However, experimental studies evaluating these approaches for populations with heightened aggression are needed in order to determine their efficacy. Part Two of this volume is an empirical paper entitled 'Barriers to compassionate imagery generation in personality disorder: intra- and interpersonal factors'. The study was designed to enhance the effectiveness of Compassion-Focused Therapy (CFT) for personality disorder (PD). It focuses specifically on the technique of compassion focused imagery (CFI), which many clients find challenging. Fifty-three clients with PD diagnoses completed measures of hypothesised barriers to compassionate imagery (such as self-criticism and mental imagery ability) before trialling CFI. Analysis involved correlation of outcomes of CFI with measures of hypothesised barriers. Qualitative data on CFI experiences were also gathered through group discussions. Subsequently, the study evaluated the outcomes of one week of CFI practice. Part Three of this volume is a critical appraisal, which reflects on strengths and learning points from the two papers above.

Type: Thesis (Doctoral)
Qualification: D.Clin.Psy
Title: Barriers to compassionate imagery generation in personality disorder: intra- and inter-personal factors
Event: UCL (University College London)
Language: English
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Div of Psychology and Lang Sciences
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1547770
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