UCL Discovery
UCL home » Library Services » Electronic resources » UCL Discovery

Projecting impacts of climate change on habitat availability in a macrophyte dominated Chalk River

House, AR; Thompson, JR; Roberts, C; de Smeth, K; Old, G; Acreman, MC; (2017) Projecting impacts of climate change on habitat availability in a macrophyte dominated Chalk River. Ecohydrology , 10 (4) , Article e1823. 10.1002/eco.1823. Green open access

[thumbnail of House_et_al-2017-Ecohydrology.pdf]
Preview
Text
House_et_al-2017-Ecohydrology.pdf - Published Version

Download (938kB) | Preview

Abstract

Climate change will impact fluvial ecosystems through changes in the flow regime. Physical habitat is an established measure of a river's ecological status when assessing changes to flow. Yet, it requires extensive datasets, is site specific, and does not account for dynamic processes; shortcomings that the use of hydrological and hydraulic models may alleviate. Here, simulated flows along a 600 m reach of the River Lambourn, Boxford, UK, were extracted from the 1D MIKE 11 hydraulic component of an integrated MIKE SHE model of the Centre for Ecology & Hydrology River Lambourn Observatory. In-channel seasonal macrophyte growth and management through cutting alter water levels, represented in the hydraulic model by manipulating channel bed roughness (Manning's n). Assessment of climate change used outputs from the UK Climate Projections 2009 ensemble of global climate models for the 2080s. River discharge outputs were disaggregated to provide velocity and depth profiles across 41 cross sections along the reach. These were integrated with habitat suitability criteria for brown trout (Salmo trutta) to generate a measure of available physical habitat. The influence of macrophyte growth caused the habitat-discharge relationship to be unusable in evaluating the sensitivity of brown trout to flow changes. Instead, projected time series were used to show an overall reduction in habitat availability, more for adult than juvenile trout. Results highlighted the impact of weed cutting, and its potential role in mitigating both flood risk and the ecological impacts of climate change. The use of a hydraulic model to assess physical habitat availability has worldwide applicability.

Type: Article
Title: Projecting impacts of climate change on habitat availability in a macrophyte dominated Chalk River
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1002/eco.1823
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/eco.1823
Language: English
Additional information: Copyright © 2016 The Authors Ecohydrology Published by John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH > Faculty of S&HS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH > Faculty of S&HS > Dept of Geography
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1546185
Downloads since deposit
94Downloads
Download activity - last month
Download activity - last 12 months
Downloads by country - last 12 months

Archive Staff Only

View Item View Item