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Developing a suite of tools to measure community severance

Mindell, JS; Anciaes, PR; Dhanani, A; Stockton, J; Jones, P; Haklay, M; Scholes, S; ... Vaughan, L; + view all (2017) Developing a suite of tools to measure community severance. In: Proceedings of the Transportation Research Board 96th Annual Meeting. Transportation Research Board: Washington, D.C., USA. Green open access

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Abstract

There is a lack of tools to identify and measure community severance caused by large roads and motorized traffic, despite evidence of the negative impacts on local communities. We report the development of a suite of tools to measure community severance, undertaken for the Street Mobility and Network Accessibility research project. New tools include participatory mapping, a health and neighborhood mobility survey, and a valuation tool (based on stated preference survey findings), used alongside spatial analysis, video surveys, and street audits. They were tested around Finchley Road, a busy arterial road in North London. The study found that despite having a high walking potential, Finchley Road is unpleasant for pedestrians due to high traffic levels, associated air and noise pollution, and poor quality of pedestrian crossing facilities. These have negative impacts on the overall walking quality, mobility and accessibility by local residents. Analysis shows coherence between findings from the different measurement tools applied individually and also reveals interconnections between factors which contribute to severance, demonstrating overall reliability of the suite of tools for assessing community severance in urban areas.

Type: Proceedings paper
Title: Developing a suite of tools to measure community severance
Event: Transportation Research Board 96th Annual Meeting
Location: Washington DC, USA
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
Publisher version: http://amonline.trb.org/63532-trb-1.3393340/t006-1...
Language: English
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Pop Health Sciences > Institute of Epidemiology and Health
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Pop Health Sciences > Institute of Epidemiology and Health > Epidemiology and Public Health
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science > Dept of Civil, Environ and Geomatic Eng
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of the Built Environment
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of the Built Environment > The Bartlett School of Architecture
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH > Faculty of SandHS > Dept of Geography
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1546161
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