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Experimental study of the runup of tsunami waves on a smooth sloping beach

McGovern, D; Chandler, I; Rossetto, T; (2016) Experimental study of the runup of tsunami waves on a smooth sloping beach. In: Proceedings of the 6th International Conference on the Application of Physical Modelling in Coastal and Port Engineering and Science (Coastlab16). International Conference on the Application of Physical Modelling in Coastal and Port Engineering and Science: Ottawa, Canada. Green open access

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Abstract

A series of large-scale laboratory flume experiments are performed using a pneumatic long-wave generator to simulate tsunami-length trough-led waves. The periods generated are from approximately 6.5 – 37, 40, 72 and 230 s. The runup of these waves is measured on a 1:20 sloping beach. Preliminary results from these tests are presented. The reflections of long waves is discussed. Runup of the 230 s waves is found to be lower than the waves with periods of less than 72 s and previously published data in the literature. Plots of various wave parameters against runup show the strongest positive correlations to be with the crest amplitude and the total potential energy for all wave periods presented. The shorter period data shows a reasonably good fit to available runup relationships, with the longer 40, 72 and 230 s waves showing a poorer fit, suggesting another relationship. Outlines of extensive further work is also given.

Type: Proceedings paper
Title: Experimental study of the runup of tsunami waves on a smooth sloping beach
Event: 6th International Conference on Application of Physical Modelling to Port and Coastal Protection (Coastlab16)
Location: Ottawa, Canada
Dates: 10 May 2016 - 13 May 2016
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
Publisher version: http://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/cgi/users/home?screen=E...
Language: English
Additional information: This is an Open Access paper published under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0) licence (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/).
Keywords: Tsunami, Runup
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science > Dept of Civil, Environ and Geomatic Eng
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1546106
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