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Engineering a vascularised 3D in vitro model of cancer progression.

Magdeldin, T; López-Dávila, V; Pape, J; Cameron, GW; Emberton, M; Loizidou, M; Cheema, U; (2017) Engineering a vascularised 3D in vitro model of cancer progression. Sci Rep , 7 , Article 44045. 10.1038/srep44045. Green open access

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Abstract

The hallmark of tumours is the ability of cancerous cells to promote vascular growth, to disseminate and invade to distant organs. The metastatic process is heavily influenced by the extracellular matrix (ECM) density and composition of the surrounding tumour microenvironment. These microenvironmental cues, which include hypoxia, also regulate the angiogenic processes within a tumour, facilitating the spread of cancer cells. We engineered compartmentalized biomimetic colorectal tumouroids with stromal surrounds that comprised a range of ECM densities, composition and stromal cell populations. Recapitulating tissue ECM composition and stromal cell composition enhanced cancer cell invasion. Manipulation of ECM density was associated with an altered migration pattern from glandular buds (cellular aggregates) to epithelial cell sheets. Laminin appeared to be a critical component in regulating endothelial cell morphology and vascular network formation. Interestingly, the disruption of vascular networks by cancer cells was driven by changes in expression of several anti-angiogenic genes. Cancer cells cultured in our biomimetic tumouroids exhibited intratumoural heterogeneity that was associated with increased tumour invasion into the stroma. These findings demonstrate that our 3D in vitro tumour model exhibits biomimetic attributes that may permit their use in studying microenvironment clues of tumour progression and angiogenesis.

Type: Article
Title: Engineering a vascularised 3D in vitro model of cancer progression.
Location: England
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1038/srep44045
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/srep44045
Language: English
Additional information: © 2017 The Authors. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article’s Creative Commons license, unless indicated otherwise in the credit line; if the material is not included under the Creative Commons license, users will need to obtain permission from the license holder to reproduce the material. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
Keywords: Biomaterials–cells; Cancer microenvironment; Epithelial–mesenchymal transition; Tumour heterogeneity
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Div of Surgery and Interventional Sci
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Div of Surgery and Interventional Sci > Department of Ortho and MSK Science
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Div of Surgery and Interventional Sci > Department of Surgical Biotechnology
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1544864
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