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Biochemical and anthropometric correlates of bio-electrical impedance parameters in severely malnourished children: A cross-sectional study

Girma, T; Hother Nielsen, AL; Kæstel, P; Abdissa, A; Michaelsen, KF; Friis, H; Wells, JC; (2018) Biochemical and anthropometric correlates of bio-electrical impedance parameters in severely malnourished children: A cross-sectional study. Clinical Nutrition , 37 (2) pp. 701-705. 10.1016/j.clnu.2017.02.017. Green open access

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Abstract

INTRODUCTION: Despite expanding use of bio-impedance (BI), little is known about its pathophysiologic significance and biological correlates OBJECTIVE: Determine correlations of BI parameters with anthropometry and biomarkers of electrolyte homeostasis, inflammation and liver function in children with severe acute malnutrition (SAM). METHODS: We studied Ethiopian children with SAM (mid-arm circumference <11·0 cm or weight-for-height <70% of the NCHS growth reference median and/or nutritional oedema) at hospitalization. Impedance (Z, Ohm), resistance (R, Ohm), reactance (Xc, Ohm) and phase angle (PA, degree) were measured at 50 kHz. R and Xc were height-indexed. Anthropometric Z-scores were calculated. Serum phosphate, Ca, Na, K, Mg, alkaline phosphatase, bilirubin, α1-acid glycoprotein, albumin and haemoglobin were measured. Healthy children were used for BI comparison. Correlates of BI were established using forward selection after comparing models using likelihood ratio test. RESULTS: The sample comprised 55 children with SAM (age 36 ± 24 months; 60% males; 72.7% oedematous) and 80 healthy control children (age 28 ± 15 months; 47.5% males). Oedematous children had the lowest BI parameters compared with reference and non-oedematous children. Similarly, they had lower serum albumin, K and alkaline phosphatase levels than non-oedematous children. Oedema was independent negative correlate of R, Xc and PA. Serum albumin level and weight-for-height Z-score were positive correlates of R, whereas serum calcium and Cl levels were positive correlates of Xc. MUAC correlated positively with PA. CONCLUSION: Nutritional oedema explained the divergence of BI parameters from normality. Soft tissue mass, serum albumin, Ca and Cl accounted for variability of BI parameters in children with SAM.

Type: Article
Title: Biochemical and anthropometric correlates of bio-electrical impedance parameters in severely malnourished children: A cross-sectional study
Location: England
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1016/j.clnu.2017.02.017
Publisher version: http://doi.org/10.1016/j.clnu.2017.02.017
Language: English
Additional information: Crown Copyright © 2017 Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. This manuscript version is made available under a Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial Non-derivative 4.0 International license (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0). This license allows you to share, copy, distribute and transmit the work for personal and non-commercial use providing author and publisher attribution is clearly stated. Further details about CC BY licenses are available at https://creativecommons.org/licenses/. Access may be initially restricted by the publisher.
Keywords: Bio-electrical impedance, Biochemical, Correlates, Malnutrition, Severe acute
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > UCL GOS Institute of Child Health
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > UCL GOS Institute of Child Health > Population, Policy and Practice Dept
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1544851
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