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Landscaping capacity-building initiatives in epidemiology in India: bridging the demand–supply gap

Zodpey, S; Pandey, AA; Murhekar, M; Sharma, A; (2015) Landscaping capacity-building initiatives in epidemiology in India: bridging the demand–supply gap. WHO South-East Asia Journal of Public Health , 4 (2) pp. 207-212. Green open access

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Abstract

India, the second most populous country in the world, has 17% of the world’s population but its total share of global disease burden is 21%. With epidemiological transition, the challenge of the public health system is to deal with a high burden of noncommunicable diseases, while still continuing the battle against communicable diseases. To combat this progression, public health capacity-building initiatives for the health workforce are necessary to develop essential skills in epidemiology and competencies in other related fields of public health. This study is an effort to systematically explore the training programmes in epidemiology in India and to understand the demand–supply dynamics of epidemiologists in the country. A systematic, predefined approach, with three parallel strategies, was used to collect and assemble the data regarding epidemiology training in India and assess the demand–supply of epidemiologists in the country. The programmes offering training in epidemiology included degree and diploma courses offered by departments of preventive and social medicine/community medicine in medical colleges and 19 long-term academic programmes in epidemiology, with an estimated annual output of 1172 per year. The demand analysis for epidemiologists estimated that there is need for at least 3289 epidemiologists to cater for the demand of various institutions in the country. There is a wide gap in demand–supply of epidemiologists in the country and an urgent need for further strengthening of epidemiology training in India. More capacity-building and training initiatives in epidemiology are therefore urgently required to promote research and address the public health challenges confronting the country.

Type: Article
Title: Landscaping capacity-building initiatives in epidemiology in India: bridging the demand–supply gap
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
Publisher version: http://www.who.int/iris/handle/10665/204147
Language: English
Additional information: This is an Open Access article published under the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 IGO licence (CC BY 3.0 IG0).
Keywords: capacity-building, demand and supply, epidemiologists, epidemiology, India
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > UCL GOS Institute of Child Health
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > UCL GOS Institute of Child Health > Population, Policy and Practice Dept
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1544178
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