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Epidemiology of Mycobacterium bovis Disease in Humans in England, Wales, and Northern Ireland, 2002-2014

Davidson, JA; Loutet, MG; O'Connor, C; Kearns, C; Smith, RM; Lalor, MK; Thomas, HL; ... Zenner, D; + view all (2017) Epidemiology of Mycobacterium bovis Disease in Humans in England, Wales, and Northern Ireland, 2002-2014. Emerging Infectious Diseases , 23 (3) pp. 377-386. 10.3201/eid2303.161408. Green open access

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Abstract

Despite control efforts, Mycobacterium bovis incidence among cattle remains high in parts of England, Wales, and Northern Ireland, attracting political and public health interest in potential spread from animals to humans. To determine incidence among humans and to identify associated factors, we conducted a retrospective cohort analysis of human M. bovis cases in England, Wales, and Northern Ireland during 2002-2014. We identified 357 cases and observed increased annual case numbers (from 17 to 35) and rates. Most patients were >65 years of age and born in the United Kingdom. The median age of UK-born patients decreased over time. For 74% of patients, exposure to risk factors accounting for M. bovis acquisition, most frequently consumption of unpasteurized milk, was known. Despite the small increase in case numbers and reduction in patient age, M. bovis infection of humans in England, Wales, and Northern Ireland remains rare.

Type: Article
Title: Epidemiology of Mycobacterium bovis Disease in Humans in England, Wales, and Northern Ireland, 2002-2014
Location: United States
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.3201/eid2303.161408
Publisher version: http://doi.org/10.3201/eid2303.161408
Language: English
Additional information: Emerging Infectious Diseases is published by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, a U.S. Government agency. Therefore, all materials published in Emerging Infectious Diseases are in the public domain and can be used without permission. Proper citation, however, is required. http://wwwnc.cdc.gov/eid/pages/suggested-citation.htm
Keywords: England, Mycobacterium bovis, Mycobacterium tuberculosis, Northern Ireland, Wales, bacteria, epidemiology, tuberculosis and other mycobacteria, zoonoses, zoonotic diseases
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Institute for Global Health
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1543740
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