UCL Discovery
UCL home » Library Services » Electronic resources » UCL Discovery

Strategic use of reminders in an 'intention offloading' task: Do individuals with autism spectrum conditions compensate for memory difficulties?

Cherkaoui, M; Gilbert, SJ; (2017) Strategic use of reminders in an 'intention offloading' task: Do individuals with autism spectrum conditions compensate for memory difficulties? Neuropsychologia , 97 pp. 140-151. 10.1016/j.neuropsychologia.2017.02.008. Green open access

[img]
Preview
Text
Gilbert_cherkaoui %26 gilbert (in press) neuropsychologia.pdf - Accepted version

Download (1MB) | Preview

Abstract

Previous studies have found that individuals with autism spectrum conditions (ASC) can have difficulty remembering to execute delayed intentions. However, in these studies participants were prevented from setting external reminders, whereas the use of such reminders in everyday life is commonplace (e.g. calendars, to-do lists, smartphone alerts). In the present study, 28 participants with ASC and 24 matched neurotypicals performed a task requiring them to remember delayed intentions. In the first phase participants were required to use unaided memory, whereas in the second they had the option to offload their intentions by setting reminders if they wished. Performance of the ASC group was significantly poorer than the neurotypical group in phase 1, and metacognitive evaluations of memory abilities mirrored this. Nevertheless, in the second phase, the ASC group failed to compensate for impaired performance: if anything they set fewer reminders than the neurotypical group. These results indicate that intact explicit metacognitive judgements cannot be assumed to lead directly to the use of compensatory strategies.

Type: Article
Title: Strategic use of reminders in an 'intention offloading' task: Do individuals with autism spectrum conditions compensate for memory difficulties?
Location: England
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1016/j.neuropsychologia.2017.02.008
Publisher version: http://doi.org/10.1016/j.neuropsychologia.2017.02....
Language: English
Additional information: © 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. This manuscript version is made available under a Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial Non-derivative 4.0 International license (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0). This license allows you to share, copy, distribute and transmit the work for personal and non-commercial use providing author and publisher attribution is clearly stated. Further details about CC BY licenses are available at https://creativecommons.org/licenses/. Access may be initially restricted by the publisher.
Keywords: Autism, Intentions, Metacognition, Metamemory, Prospective memory
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Div of Psychology and Lang Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Div of Psychology and Lang Sciences > Institute of Cognitive Neuroscience
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1542987
Downloads since deposit
132Downloads
Download activity - last month
Download activity - last 12 months
Downloads by country - last 12 months

Archive Staff Only

View Item View Item