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Delayed diagnosis of Townes‑Brocks syndrome with multicystic kidneys and renal failure caused by a novel SALL1 nonsense mutation: A case report

Lin, FJ; Lu, W; Gale, D; Yao, Y; Zou, R; Bian, F; Jiang, GR; (2016) Delayed diagnosis of Townes‑Brocks syndrome with multicystic kidneys and renal failure caused by a novel SALL1 nonsense mutation: A case report. Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine , 11 (4) pp. 1249-1252. 10.3892/etm.2016.3035. Green open access

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Abstract

Townes‑Brocks syndrome (TBS) is a rare autosomal dominant congenital anomaly syndrome characterized by the triad of anorectal, hand and external ear malformations. Kidney involvement is less common and may progress to end‑stage renal failure (ESRF) early in life. The present study reports the case of a male patient presenting with multiple bilateral cortical kidney cysts at the age of 4 years, at which time the kidneys were of normal size and function. A clinical diagnosis of autosomal recessive polycystic kidney disease was made initially as the patient's parents are clinically healthy. However, the consideration of extra‑renal involvements (imperforate anus at birth, preaxial polydactyly and dysplastic right ear) following the progression of the patient to ESRF at the age of 16 years, led to the diagnosis of TBS. This prompted sequencing of the SALL1 gene, which identified a novel heterozygous nonsense mutation in the mutational ‘hotspot’ of exon 2 (c.874C>T, p.Q292X), and this mutation was not detected in healthy controls. The current case highlights that TBS may present with normal sized, cystic kidneys in childhood, while recognition of extra‑renal features of cystic kidney diseases, such as TBS, and genetic testing may facilitate the correct diagnosis and transmission mode. Reaching a correct diagnosis of as TBS is important since this condition has a 50% rate of transmission to offspring and can progress to ESRF early in life.

Type: Article
Title: Delayed diagnosis of Townes‑Brocks syndrome with multicystic kidneys and renal failure caused by a novel SALL1 nonsense mutation: A case report
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.3892/etm.2016.3035
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.3892/etm.2016.3035
Language: English
Additional information: © Lin et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of Creative Commons Attribution License.
Keywords: Townes-Brocks syndrome, multicystic kidneys, renal failure, SALL1, novel mutation
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Div of Medicine
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Div of Medicine > Renal Medicine
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1542948
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