UCL Discovery
UCL home » Library Services » Electronic resources » UCL Discovery

Regulation of dopaminergic function: an [(18)F]-DOPA PET apomorphine challenge study in humans

Jauhar, S; Veronese, M; Rogdaki, M; Bloomfield, M; Natesan, S; Turkheimer, F; Kapur, S; (2017) Regulation of dopaminergic function: an [(18)F]-DOPA PET apomorphine challenge study in humans. Translational Psychiatry , 7 (2) , Article e1027. 10.1038/tp.2016.270. Green open access

[img]
Preview
Text
Jauhar_Regulation_of_dopaminergic_function.pdf - Published version

Download (523kB) | Preview

Abstract

Dopaminergic function has a key role in normal brain function, dopaminergic dysfunction being implicated in numerous neuropsychiatric disorders. Animal studies show that dopaminergic stimulation regulates dopaminergic function, but it is not known whether this exists in humans. In the first study (study 1), we measured dopamine synthesis capacity (indexed as Ki(cer)) to identify the relationship between baseline and change in Ki(cer) under resting conditions for comparison with effects of dopaminergic stimulation. In the second study (study 2), we used a within-subjects design to test effects of dopaminergic stimulation on dopamine synthesis capacity. In study 1, eight volunteers received two (18)F-DOPA scans on separate days, both at rest. In study 2, 12 healthy male volunteers received two (18)F-DOPA positron emission tomographic (PET) scans after treatment with either the dopamine partial agonist apomorphine (0.03 or 0.005 mg kg(-1)) or placebo. In study 1, no significant correlation was found between baseline and change in dopamine synthesis capacity between scans (r=-0.57, n=8, P=0.17, two-tailed). In study 2, a significant negative correlation was found between baseline dopamine synthesis capacity and percentage change in dopamine synthesis capacity after apomorphine challenge (r=-0.71, n=12, P=0.01, two-tailed). This correlation was significantly different (P<0.01) from the correlation between baseline and change in dopamine synthesis capacity under unstimulated conditions. One-way repeated-measures analysis of variance showed a significant group (study 1/study 2) × time interaction (F(1,18)=11.5, P=0.003). Our findings suggest that regulation of dopamine synthesis capacity by apomorphine depends on baseline dopamine function, consistent with dopamine stimulation stabilizing dopaminergic function. Loss of this autoregulation may contribute to dopaminergic dysfunction in brain disorders such as schizophrenia, substance dependence, and Parkinson's disease.

Type: Article
Title: Regulation of dopaminergic function: an [(18)F]-DOPA PET apomorphine challenge study in humans
Location: United States
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1038/tp.2016.270
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/tp.2016.270
Language: English
Additional information: This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 4.0 International License. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article’s Creative Commons license, unless indicated otherwise in the credit line; if the material is not included under the Creative Commons license, users will need to obtain permission from the license holder to reproduce the material. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/.
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Division of Psychiatry
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1542043
Downloads since deposit
33Downloads
Download activity - last month
Download activity - last 12 months
Downloads by country - last 12 months

Archive Staff Only

View Item View Item