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An example of the utility of genomic analysis for fast and accurate clinical diagnosis of complex rare phenotypes

Le Quesne Stabej, P; James, C; Ocaka, L; Tekman, M; Grunewald, S; Clement, E; Stanescu, HC; ... Bitner-Glindzicz, M; + view all (2017) An example of the utility of genomic analysis for fast and accurate clinical diagnosis of complex rare phenotypes. Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases , 12 , Article 24. 10.1186/s13023-017-0582-8. Green open access

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Abstract

BACKGROUND: We describe molecular diagnosis in a complex consanguineous family: four offspring presented with combinations of three distinctive phenotypes; non-syndromic hearing loss (NSHL), an unusual skeletal phenotype comprising multiple fractures, cranial abnormalities and diaphyseal expansion, and significant developmental delay with microcephaly. We performed Chromosomal Microarray Analysis on the offspring with either the skeletal or developmental delay phenotypes, and linkage analysis and whole exome sequencing (WES) on all four children, parents and maternal aunt. RESULTS: Chromosomal microarray and FISH analysis identified a de novo unbalanced translocation as a cause of the microcephaly and severe developmental delay. WES identified a NSHL-causing splice variant in an autosomal recessive deafness gene PDZD7 which resided in a linkage region and affected three of the children. In the two children diagnosed with an unusual skeletal phenotype, WES eventually disclosed a heterozygous COL1A1 variant which affects C-propetide cleavage site of COL1. The variant was inherited from an apparently unaffected mosaic father in an autosomal dominant fashion. After the discovery of the COL1A1 variant, the skeletal phenotype was diagnosed as a high bone mass form of osteogenesis imperfecta. CONCLUSIONS: Next generation sequencing offers an unbiased approach to molecular genetic diagnosis in highly heterogeneous and poorly characterised disorders and enables early diagnosis as well as detection of mosaicism.

Type: Article
Title: An example of the utility of genomic analysis for fast and accurate clinical diagnosis of complex rare phenotypes
Location: England
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1186/s13023-017-0582-8
Publisher version: http://doi.org/10.1186/s13023-017-0582-8
Language: English
Additional information: © The Author(s). 2017. This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made. The Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver (http://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/) applies to the data made available in this article, unless otherwise stated.
Keywords: Autosomal recessive non-syndromic hearing loss, COL1A1 C-propeptide cleavage site, Mosaicism, Next generation sequencing, Osteogenesis imperfecta, PDZD7
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Div of Medicine
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Div of Medicine > Renal Medicine
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > UCL GOS Institute of Child Health
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > UCL GOS Institute of Child Health > Genetics and Genomic Medicine Dept
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1540752
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