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Context Determination for Adaptive Navigation using Multiple Sensors on a Smartphone

Gao, H; Groves, PD; (2016) Context Determination for Adaptive Navigation using Multiple Sensors on a Smartphone. In: Proceedings of the 29th International Technical Meeting of The Satellite Division of the Institute of Navigation (ION GNSS+ 2016). (pp. pp. 742-756). Institute of Navigation (ION): Portland, OR, USA. Green open access

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Abstract

Navigation and positioning is inherently dependent on the context, which comprises both the operating environment and the behaviour of the host vehicle or user. No single technique is capable of providing reliable and accurate positioning in all contexts. In order to operate reliably across different contexts, a multi-sensor navigation system is required to detect its operating context and reconfigure the techniques accordingly. This paper aims to determine the behavioural and environmental contexts together, building the foundation of a context-adaptive navigation system. Both behavioural and environmental context detection results are presented. A hierarchical behavioural recognition scheme is proposed, within which the broad classes of human activities and vehicle motions are detected using measurements from accelerometers, gyroscopes, magnetometers and the barometer on a smartphone by decision trees (DT) and Relevance Vector Machines (RVM). The detection results are further improved by behavioural connectivity. Environmental contexts (e.g., indoor and outdoor) are detected from GNSS measurements using a hidden Markov model. The paper also investigates context association in order to further improve the reliability of context determination. Practical test results demonstrate improvements of environment detection in context determination.

Type: Proceedings paper
Title: Context Determination for Adaptive Navigation using Multiple Sensors on a Smartphone
Event: 29th International Technical Meeting of The Satellite Division of the Institute of Navigation (ION GNSS+ 2016)
Location: Portland, Oregon
Dates: 12 September 2016 - 16 September 2016
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
Publisher version: https://www.ion.org/publications/abstract.cfm?jp=p...
Language: English
Additional information: Copyright © The Authors 2016.
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science > Dept of Civil, Environ and Geomatic Eng
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1540225
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