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Naturalistic depth perception and binocular vision

Maiello, G; (2017) Naturalistic depth perception and binocular vision. Doctoral thesis , UCL (University College London). Green open access

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Abstract

Humans continuously move both their eyes to redirect their foveae to objects at new depths. To correctly execute these complex combinations of saccades, vergence eye movements and accommodation changes, the visual system makes use of multiple sources of depth information, including binocular disparity and defocus. Furthermore, during development, both fine-tuning of oculomotor control as well as correct eye growth are likely driven by complex interactions between eye movements, accommodation, and the distributions of defocus and depth information across the retina. I have employed photographs of natural scenes taken with a commercial plenoptic camera to examine depth perception while varying perspective, blur and binocular disparity. Using a gaze contingent display with these natural images, I have shown that disparity and peripheral blur interact to modify eye movements and facilitate binocular fusion. By decoupling visual feedback for each eye, I have found it possible to induces both conjugate and disconjugate changes in saccadic adaptation, which helps us understand to what degree the eyes can be individually controlled. To understand the aetiology of myopia, I have developed geometric models of emmetropic and myopic eye shape, from which I have derived psychophysically testable predictions about visual function. I have then tested the myopic against the emmetropic visual system and have found that some aspects of visual function decrease in the periphery at a faster rate in best-corrected myopic observers than in emmetropes. To study the effects of different depth cues on visual development, I have investigated accommodation response and sensitivity to blur in normal and myopic subjects. This body of work furthers our understanding of oculomotor control and 3D perception, has applied implications regarding discomfort in the use of virtual reality, and provides clinically relevant insights regarding the development of refractive error and potential approaches to prevent incorrect emmetropization.

Type: Thesis (Doctoral)
Title: Naturalistic depth perception and binocular vision
Event: UCL (University College London)
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
Language: English
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Institute of Ophthalmology
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1540026
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