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High b-value diffusion-weighted imaging in progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy in HIV patients

Godi, C; De Vita, E; Tombetti, E; Davagnanam, I; Haddow, L; Jager, R; (2017) High b-value diffusion-weighted imaging in progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy in HIV patients. European Radiology , 27 (9) pp. 3593-3599. 10.1007/s00330-017-4761-8. Green open access

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Abstract

Objectives An ill-defined hyperintense edge and hypointense core on diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) is typical of progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy (PML). We aimed to investigate whether a b-value of 3,000 s/mm2 (b3000) can improve visualisation of PML, or provide different structural information compared to 1,000 s/mm2 (b1000). Methods We retrospectively identified HIV-positive patients with confirmed PML studied under a clinical protocol including both b1000 and b3000 DWI. The rim and core of each PML lesion and normal-appearing white matter (NAWM) were outlined on trace-weighted DWI. Signal intensities, apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) values and volumes were measured and compared between b1000 and b3000. Results Nine lesions from seven patients were analysed. The rim and core were better visualised on b3000, with higher signal of the rim and lower signal of the core compared to NAWM. The hyperintense rim had non-restricted average ADCs, but included foci of low ADC on both b3000 and b1000. Despite similar total lesion volumes, b3000 displayed significantly larger core and smaller rim volumes than b1000. Conclusion b3000 improves visualisation of this important PML hallmark. Moreover, b3000 partly reclassifies tissue from rim into core, and might provide potentially more accurate biomarkers of PML activity and prognosis. Key Points • B3000 improves contrast resolution between lesion rim, core and normal-appearing white matter. • B3000 improves identification of the typical rim-and-core pattern of PML lesions. • B3000 and b1000 similarly identify lesions, but b3000 results in smaller rims and larger cores. • B3000 excludes some high diffusion components from rim, reclassifying them into core. • B3000 DWI may provide more precise PML biomarkers of disease activity and tissue damage.

Type: Article
Title: High b-value diffusion-weighted imaging in progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy in HIV patients
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1007/s00330-017-4761-8
Publisher version: http://doi.org/10.1007/s00330-017-4761-8
Language: English
Additional information: Copyright © 2017 The Author(s). All rights reserved. This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http:// creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made.
Keywords: Progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy, Human immunodeficiency virus, Diffusion magnetic resonance imaging, Diffusion MRI, Diffusion-weighted MRI
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > UCL Queen Square Institute of Neurology
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > UCL Queen Square Institute of Neurology > Brain Repair and Rehabilitation
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > UCL Queen Square Institute of Neurology > Department of Neuromuscular Diseases
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Institute for Global Health
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Institute for Global Health > Infection and Population Health
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1538853
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