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Hunter-gatherer specialization in the late Neolithic of southern Vietnam - The case of Rach Nui

Castillo, CC; Fuller, DQ; Piper, PJ; Bellwood, P; Oxenham, M; (2016) Hunter-gatherer specialization in the late Neolithic of southern Vietnam - The case of Rach Nui. Quaternary International 10.1016/j.quaint.2016.11.034. (In press). Green open access

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Abstract

Rach Nui is a late Neolithic settlement of hunter-gatherers in southern Vietnam. However, the site also has a series of mortared floors corresponding to a sedentary lifestyle, where the inhabitants continued to live in the same area and repaired or replaced their floors over a period of 150 years. The inhabitants relied on a mixed economy that included domesticated and gathered plants, as well as hunted and managed animals. Although, there is evidence for the consumption of domesticated rice and foxtail millet, the inhabitants were mainly hunter-gatherers who relied on their surrounding mangrove and swamp forest habitats for most of their food requirements. From the archaeobotanical work done, it appears that the domesticated cereals, rice and foxtail millet, found at the site were imported. On the other hand, sedge nutlets and parenchyma were identified in high frequencies and were probably locally sourced, suggesting that foraging and/or vegeculture played a major role in the economy of Rach Nui.

Type: Article
Title: Hunter-gatherer specialization in the late Neolithic of southern Vietnam - The case of Rach Nui
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1016/j.quaint.2016.11.034
Publisher version: http://doi.org/10.1016/j.quaint.2016.11.034
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the author accepted manuscript. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
Keywords: Archaeobotany; Millet; Rice; Sedentary; Agriculture; Southeast Asia
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH > Faculty of SandHS > Institute of Archaeology
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH > Faculty of SandHS > Institute of Archaeology > Institute of Archaeology Gordon Square
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1538330
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